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Frozen adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells maintain high capability to grow and differentiate.

Cryobiology (2014-07-19)
Greta Minonzio, Mattia Corazza, Luca Mariotta, Mauro Gola, Michele Zanzi, Eugenio Gandolfi, Domenico De Fazio, Gianni Soldati
ABSTRACT

In recent years, there has been a shift toward tissue-engineering strategies using stem cells for plastic and reconstructive surgical procedures. Therefore, it is important to develop safe and reproducible protocols for the extraction of adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) to allow cells to be stored in liquid nitrogen for future needs. The aspirated liposuction obtained from healthy donors were immediately processed after the suction using a protocol developed in our laboratory. The resulting stromal vascular fraction (SVF) was then characterized by the presence of adipose-derived stromal cells, at later stage frozen in liquid nitrogen. After that, cells were thawed and again characterized by adipose-derived stromal cells, cellular survival, differentiation ability and Colony Forming Unit-Fibroblast like colonies (CFU-F). Extraction and freezing of cells contained in the stromal vascular fraction demonstrate that thawed cells maintain the full capability to grow and differentiate in culture. The advent of adipose-derived stromal cells use in tissue engineering will assume a wide role in esthetic restoration in plastic surgery. It is thus important to develop clinically translatable protocols for the preparation and storage of adipose-derived stromal cells. Our results show that adipose-derived stromal cells in serum free can easily be frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen with retention of 85% of cell viability and 180,890 cell/g yield plus normal proliferative capacity and differentiation potential compared with fresh controls. These observations set the basis for adipose-derived stromal cells banking.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

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