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Quantification and visualization of glutathione S-transferase omega 1 in cells using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and fluorescence microscopy.

Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry (2014-11-21)
Yong Liang, Xin Jiang, Nannan Tang, Limin Yang, Haifeng Chen, Qiuquan Wang
ABSTRACT

We report a novel activity-based and Cu-free click chemistry (CC) mediated methodology for glutathione S-transferase omega 1 (GSTO1) quantification using species-unspecific isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SUID ICP-MS), in which dibenzylcyclooctyne-modified 2-chloroacetamide (DBCO-ChAcA) was designed and synthesized, meanwhile, as a navigator towards GSTO1 for subsequent N3-DOTA-Eu-tagging via Cu-free CC. Using (153)Eu-SUID ICP-MS coupled with size exclusion chromatography (SEC), the LOD (3σ) of GSTO1 reached 6.9 fmol with an RSD of 2.4% at the 0.1 μM level (n = 5) considering the recovery of GSTO1 on the SEC was 96.5 ± 2.4%. The GSTO1 contents in the cells of human hepatocellular carcinoma C7721 and breast carcinoma MCF-7 as well as normal hepatic C7701 without or with cis-platin administration were quantified to be from 1.2 μg/10,000 cells (n = 3, RSD = 4.5%) corresponding to 1.2 × 10(-2) ng per cell to 4.76 μg/10,000 cells (n = 3, RSD = 2.9%) corresponding to 4.76 × 10(-2) ng per cell. For a comparative study, DBCO-ChAcA-fluor 488-based fluorescence microscopy could not alone visualize GSTO1 in the cells but could together with those from the small SH-containing molecules such as GSH and that from extra N3-fluor 488 in the cells. This activity-based CC-mediated tagging/labeling strategy provided an opportunity for ICP-MS-based targeted protein quantification, and is very much expected to find its applications in biological mechanism study and the subsequent drug design.

MATERIALS
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