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  • Folates Induce Colorectal Carcinoma HT29 Cell Line Proliferation Through Notch1 Signaling.

Folates Induce Colorectal Carcinoma HT29 Cell Line Proliferation Through Notch1 Signaling.

Nutrition and cancer (2015-03-25)
Juan M Rodriguez, Dante Miranda, Daniel Bunout, Ana María Ronco, María Pía de la Maza, Sandra Hirsch
ABSTRACT

Folic acid (FA) consumption at high levels has been associated with colon cancer risk. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this association. The Notch signal pathway has been implicated in the regulation of cellular proliferation. Our aim was to demonstrate that high concentrations of FA or its reduced form, 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid (5-MTHF), increase colorectal carcinoma HT29 cell proliferation through an increase of Notch1 activation and to prove if the inhibition of Notch1 activation by gamma secretase inhibitor, reduce the effect of folic acid. HT29 cells were cultured in high (400 nM), low (20 nM), or 0 nM FA or 5-MTHF concentrations during 96 h with or without DAPT (gamma secretase inhibitor). Cell proliferation was determined by the methylthiazole tetrazolium method, and Notch1-intracellular domain (NICD) was analyzed by flow cytometry. HT29 cells exposed to 400 nM FA or 5-MTHF showed higher proliferation rate than those exposed to 20 nM of FA or 5-MTHF (P < 0.01) during 96 h. NICD expression increased at higher FA or 5-MTHF concentrations compared with lower concentrations (P < 0.01). This effect on proliferation was partially reversible when we blocked Notch1 activation with the inhibitor of γ-secretase (P < 0.05).These data suggest that high concentration of FA and 5-MTHF induce HT29 cell proliferation activating Notch1 pathway.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Folic acid, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Folic acid, ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Folic acid, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
Folic acid, Vetec, reagent grade, ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, ≥97.5% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
DAPT, ≥98% (HPLC), solid