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Radiopharmaceutical evaluation of (131)I-protohypericin as a necrosis avid compound.

Journal of drug targeting (2015-02-07)
Xuejiao Liu, Yuanbo Feng, Cuihua Jiang, Bin Lou, Yue Li, Wei Liu, Nan Yao, Meng Gao, Yun Ji, Qingqing Wang, Dejian Huang, Zhiqi Yin, Ziping Sun, Yicheng Ni, Jian Zhang
ABSTRACT

Hypericin is a necrosis avid agent useful for nuclear imaging and tumor therapy. Protohypericin, with a similar structure to hypericin except poorer planarity, is the precursor of hypericin. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of this structural difference on self-assembly, and evaluate the necrosis affinity and metabolism in the rat model of reperfused hepatic infarction. Protohypericin appeared less aggregative in solution compared with hypericin by fluorescence analysis. Biodistribution data of (131)I-protohypericin showed the percentage of injected dose per gram of tissues (%ID/g) increased with time and reached to the maximum of 7.03 at 24 h in necrotic liver by gamma counting. The maximum ratio of target/non-target tissues was 11.7-fold in necrotic liver at 72 h. Pharmacokinetic parameters revealed that the half-life of (131)I-protohypericin was 14.9 h, enabling a long blood circulation and constant retention in necrotic regions. SPECT-CT, autoradiography, and histological staining showed high uptake of (131)I-protohypericin in necrotic tissues. These results suggest that (131)I-protohypericin is a promising necrosis avid compound with a weaker aggregation tendency compared with hypericin and it may have a broad application in imaging and oncotherapy.

MATERIALS
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