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Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of AMG 232, a novel orally bioavailable inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction, in rats, dogs and monkeys: in vitro-in vivo correlation.

Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems (2015-03-24)
Qiuping Ye, Min Jiang, Wotang T Huang, Yun Ling, Steven H Olson, Daqing Sun, Guifen Xu, Xuelei Yan, Bradley K Wong, Lixia Jin
ABSTRACT

1. AMG 232 is a novel inhibitor of the p53-MDM2 protein-protein interaction currently in Phase I clinical trials for multiple tumor indications. The objectives of the investigations reported in this article were to characterize the pharmacokinetic and drug metabolism properties of AMG 232 in pre-clinical species in vivo and in vitro, and in humans in vitro, and to predict its pharmacokinetics in humans through integrating PKDM data. 2. AMG 232 exhibited low clearance (<0.25 × Qh) and moderate to high oral bioavailability in mice, rats and monkeys (>42%), but high clearance (0.74 × Qh) and low oral exposure in dogs (18%). 3. Biotransformation was the major route of elimination of AMG 232 in rats, with only 7% of intravenously administered (14)C-labeled AMG 232 recovered as parent molecule in bile. The major metabolite was an acyl glucuronide as measured by in vivo rat studies and in vitro hepatocyte incubations in multiple species. 4. The in vitro-in vivo correlation of AMG 232 clearance was within 2-fold in pre-clinical species using hepatocytes. AMG 232 was predicted to exhibit low clearance, high volume distribution and long half-life in humans. The predictions are consistent with the preliminary human pharmacokinetic parameters of AMG 232 in clinical trials.

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