Platinum Nanoparticles: Efficient and Stable Catechol Oxidase Mimetics.

ACS applied materials & interfaces (2015-08-26)
Yi Liu, Haohao Wu, Yu Chong, Wayne G Wamer, Qingsu Xia, Lining Cai, Zhihong Nie, Peter P Fu, Jun-Jie Yin
ABSTRACT

Although enzyme-like nanomaterials have been extensively investigated over the past decade, most research has focused on the peroxidase-like, catalase-like, or SOD-like activity of these nanomaterials. Identifying nanomaterials having oxidase-like activities has received less attention. In this study, we demonstrate that platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) exhibit catechol oxidase-like activity, oxidizing polyphenols into the corresponding o-quinones. Four unique approaches are employed to demonstrate the catechol oxidase-like activity exerted by Pt NPs. First, UV-vis spectroscopy is used to monitor the oxidation of polyphenols catalyzed by Pt NPs. Second, the oxidized products of polyphenols are identified by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) separation followed by high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) identification. Third, electron spin resonance (ESR) oximetry techniques are used to confirm the O2 consumption during the oxidation reaction. Fourth, the intermediate products of semiquinone radicals formed during the oxidation of polyphenols are determined by ESR using spin stabilization. These results indicate Pt NPs possess catechol oxidase-like activity. Because polyphenols and related bioactive substances have been explored as potent antioxidants that could be useful for the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, and Pt NPs have been widely used in the chemical industry and medical science, it is essential to understand the potential effects of Pt NPs for altering or influencing the antioxidant activity of polyphenols.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Quercetin, ≥95% (HPLC), solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Caffeic acid, ≥98.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
3,4-Dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine, ≥98% (TLC)