Merck

Importance of cellulase cocktails favoring hydrolysis of cellulose.

Preparative biochemistry & biotechnology (2017-01-04)
Juliet Victoria, Annamma Odaneth, Arvind Lali
ABSTRACT

Depolymerization of lignocellulosic biomass is catalyzed by groups of enzymes whose action is influenced by substrate features and the composition of cellulase preparation. Cellulases contain a mixture of variety of enzymes, whose proportions dictate the saccharification of biomass. In the current study, four cellulase preparation varying in their composition were used to hydrolyze two types of alkali-treated biomass (aqueous ammonia-treated rice straw and sodium hydroxide-treated rice straw) to study the effect on catalytic rate, saccharification yields, and sugar release profile. We found that substrate features affected the extent of saccharification but had minimal effect on the sugar release pattern. In addition, complete hydrolysis to glucose was observed with enzyme preparation having at least a cellobiase units (CBU)/carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) ratio (>0.15), while a modified enzyme ratio can be used for oligosaccharide synthesis. Thus, cellulase preparation with defined ratios of the three main enzymes can improve the saccharification which is of utmost importance in defining the success of lignocellulose-based economies.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Cellotriose, ≥93%
Sigma-Aldrich
Xylobiose, ≥90% (HPLC)