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Salvianolic acid B attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in rats through inhibition of apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammation.

Experimental and therapeutic medicine (2017-07-05)
Da-Hai Zhao, Yu-Jie Wu, Shu-Ting Liu, Rong-Yu Liu
ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to assess the protective effect of salvianolic acid B on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Sprague Dawley rats were injected with 100 µg/kg LPS through a 24-gauge catheter. One group of rats was pre-treated with salvianolic acid B (1 mg/ml; 20 ml/kg body weight) 1 h prior to LPS challenge, then 20 ml/kg salvianolic acid B every 2 days for 4 weeks thereafter. Salvianolic acid B attenuated LPS-induced increases in the lung wet/dry weight rate and lung tissue injury in ALI model rats. LPS-induced changes in the content of caspase-3, malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in ALI model rats were attenuated by treatment with salvianolic acid B. Furthermore, treatment with salvianolic acid B inhibited the protein expression of type I collagen I, endogenous transforming growth factor-β1 production and α-smooth muscle actin in ALI model rats. These findings indicated that salvianolic acid B attenuates LPS-induced ALI through inhibition of apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammation in rats and therefore exertsa protective effect against ALI.

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Solketal methacrylate, 50 wt. % in dichloromethane, contains ~280 ppm 4-tert-butylcatechol as inhibitor