In vitro three-dimensional (3D) tumour models mimic natural cancer tissue in vivo, bridging the gap between conventional 2D in vitro testing and animal models. Stromal and cancer tissues with extracellular matrix (ECM) can provide a tumour microenvironment (TME) with cell-to-cell and cell-to-ECM interactions. These interactions induce the exchange of biophysical factors, contributing to the progression, metastasis, and drug resistance of cancer. Here, we describe a 3D in vitro lung cancer model cultured in a microfluidic channel that is able to confirm the role and function of various stromal cells in tumourigenesis, thereby representing an in vivo-like TME. We founded that biophysical factors contribute to the role of fibroblast cells in tumour formation, especially, producing a nascent vessel-like tubular structure, resulting in the formation of vascularized tumour tissue. Fibroblast cells altered the gene expression of the cancer cells to enhance metastasis, survival, and angiogenesis. The device could be used for developing and screening anti-cancer drugs through the formation of the same multicellular tumour spheroids under TME interactions. We believe this microfluidic system provides interaction of TME for cancer research by culturing stromal tissue.