191701

Sigma-Aldrich

Deuterium oxide

"100%", 99.990 atom % D

Synonym(s):
Heavy water, Water-d2
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
D2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
20.03
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

isotopic purity

99.990 atom % D

form

liquid

application(s)

NMR: suitable

bp

101.4 °C (lit.)

mp

3.8 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

[2H]O[2H]

InChI

1S/H2O/h1H2/i/hD2

InChI key

XLYOFNOQVPJJNP-ZSJDYOACSA-N

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General description

Deuterium oxide (D2O) is a 100% isotopically enriched NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) solvent. It is widely employed in high resolution NMR studies. Various thermodynamic properties (such as intermolecular vibrational frequencies, energy of the hydrogen bond, free energy, enthalpy and entropy) of liquid deuterium oxide have been evaluated. Ionization constant for D2O (in the range of 5-50°C), pK values (at 25°C) and enthalpy, entropy, heat capacity change (for the dissociation of D2O) have been reported.

Application

Deuterium oxide may be used:
  • To prepare trifluoroacetic acid-d by reacting with trifluoroacetic anhydride.
  • As a deuteration agent for primary and secondary alcohols at the β-carbon position via H/D exchange reaction in the presence of ruthenium catalyst.
  • Along with hexamethyldisilane as a deuterium transfer reagent for alkynes to form (E)-1,2-dideuterioalkenes in the presence of a palladium complex.

Packaging

10 g in ampule
10×0.25, 10×0.5 mL in ampule

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Ruthenium-Catalyzed Regioselective Deuteration of Alcohols at the ?-Carbon Position with Deuterium Oxide.
Tse SKS, et al.
Chemistry?A European Journal , 17(49), 13918-13925 (2011)
Useful NMR solvent mixture for polyesters: Trifluoroacetic acid-d/chloroform-d.
Hariharan R and Pinkus AG.
Polym. Bull., 30(1), 91-95 (1993)
Structure of water and hydrophobic bonding in proteins. IV. The thermodynamic properties of liquid deuterium oxide.
Nemethy G and Scheraga HA.
J. Chem. Phys. , 41(3), 680-689 (1964)
Reduction of alkynes into 1, 2-dideuterioalkenes with hexamethyldisilane and deuterium oxide in the presence of a palladium catalyst.
Shirakawa E, et al.
Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England), 47, 5885-5886 (2005)
The ionization constant of deuterium oxide from 5 to 50?.
Covington AK, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 70(12), 3820-3824 (1966)

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