• Home
  • Search Results
  • On the potential of thioredoxin reductase inhibitors for cancer therapy.

On the potential of thioredoxin reductase inhibitors for cancer therapy.

Seminars in cancer biology (2006-10-24)
Sabine Urig, Katja Becker

Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR)-as part of a major thiol regulating system-allows redox metabolism to adjust to cellular requirements. Therefore, changes at the redox level reflect as a pars pro toto changes concerning the entire cell. Three different TrxR isoenzymes, TrxR1 as cytosolic, TrxR2 as mitochondrial, and TrxR3 as testis-specific thiol regulator are known. All three enzymes contain a reactive and solvent accessible selenocysteine residue which is located on a flexible C-terminal arm of the protein. This selenocysteine is essentially involved in the catalytic cycle of TrxR and thus represents an attractive binding site for inhibitors. Many tumor cells have elevated TrxR levels and TrxR has been shown to play a major role in drug resistance. Inhibition of TrxR and its related redox reactions may thus contribute to a successful single, combinatory or adjuvant cancer therapy. A great number of effective natural and synthetic TrxR inhibitors are now available possessing antitumor potential ranging from induction of oxidative stress to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. This article summarizes the present knowledge on the potential of TrxR inhibitors and TrxR as anticancer drug target.

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon


Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.