Tungsten toxicity.

Chemico-biological interactions (2011-12-21)
Mark L Witten, Paul R Sheppard, Brandon L Witten
ABSTRACT

There is emerging evidence that tungsten has toxic health effects. We summarize the recent tungsten toxicity research in this short review. Tungsten is widely used in many commercial and military applications because it has the second highest melting temperature of any element. Consequently, it is important to elucidate the potential health effects of tungsten.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, powder, 12 μm, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, powder, 10 μm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, wire, diam. 0.25 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, foil, thickness 0.05 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, wire, diam. 1.0 mm, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, wire, diam. 0.5 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, foil, thickness 0.127 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, foil, thickness 0.25 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Tungsten, rod, 100mm, diameter 6.35mm, centerless ground, 99.95%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tungsten, foil, thickness 0.5 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Tungsten, wire reel, 25m, diameter 0.1mm, clean, 99.95%
Tungsten, wire reel, 5m, diameter 0.005mm, gold plated, 99.95%
Tungsten, wire reel, 25m, diameter 0.025mm, clean, 99.95%
Tungsten, wire reel, 10m, diameter 0.3mm, clean, 99.95%
Tungsten, wire, straight, 300mm, diameter 0.10mm, 99.9+%
Tungsten, wire, straight, 300mm, diameter 0.075mm, 99.9+%
Tungsten, wire reel, 100m, diameter 0.025mm, clean, 99.95%
Tungsten, insulated wire, 2m, conductor diameter 0.025mm, insulation thickness 0.005mm, polyimide insulation, 99.9%
Tungsten, wire reel, 1m, diameter 0.125mm, gold plated, 99.95%
Tungsten, wire reel, 10m, diameter 0.035mm, clean, 99.95%
Tungsten, wire reel, 10m, diameter 0.025mm, clean, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.15mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.1mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.2mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.3mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 2.0mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Tungsten, foil, 150x150mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.95%

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