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27102

Sigma-Aldrich

Citric acid monohydrate

puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330, 99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance), grit

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Synonym(s):
2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid monohydrate
Linear Formula:
HOC(COOH)(CH2COOH)2 · H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
210.14
Beilstein:
4018641
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

puriss.

Assay

99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)

form

grit

quality

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330

impurities

residual solvents, complies
≤0.0005% heavy metals (as Pb)
7.5-8.8% water (Karl Fischer)

ign. residue

≤0.05% (as SO4)

pKa 

(1) 3.13, (2) 4.76, (3) 6.4

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
oxalate (as oxalic acid): ≤100 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 mg/kg

cation traces

As: ≤1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤200 mg/kg
Cu: ≤10 mg/kg
Fe: ≤10 mg/kg
Hg: ≤1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤10 mg/kg

suitability

complies for appearance of solution
complies for identity (IR)
complies for reaction against H2SO4

SMILES string

OC(CC(O)(C(O)=O)CC(O)=O)=O.O

InChI

1S/C6H8O7.H2O/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10;/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12);1H2

InChI key

YASYEJJMZJALEJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
33114C07061.00244
vibrant-m

27102

Citric acid monohydrate

-
vibrant-m

33114

Citric acid monohydrate

-
vibrant-m

C0706

Citric acid monohydrate

Premium Grade
vibrant-m

1.00244

Citric acid monohydrate

-
assay

99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)

assay

99.5-100.5% (calc. on anhydrous substance), 99.5-102%

assay

≥99.5%

assay

99.5-100.5% anhydrous basis (acidimetric)

grade

puriss.

grade

-

grade

-

grade

-

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg, sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 mg/kg, oxalate (as oxalic acid): ≤100 mg/kg

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg, oxalate (C2O42-): ≤50 ppm, phosphate (PO43-): ≤10 mg/kg, sulfate (SO42-): ≤20 ppm

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%, sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.002%

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 ppm, oxalate (as oxalic acid): ≤50 ppm, phosphate (PO43-): ≤10 ppm, sulfate (SO42-): ≤20 ppm

form

grit

form

solid

form

powder

form

solid

cation traces

As: ≤1 mg/kg, Cu: ≤10 mg/kg, Hg: ≤1 mg/kg, Zn: ≤10 mg/kg, Ca: ≤200 mg/kg, Pb: ≤1 mg/kg, Fe: ≤10 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤50 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤3 ppm, Pb: ≤2 ppm, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%, Ca: ≤0.0005%, Cu: ≤0.0005%, Fe: ≤0.0005%, K: ≤0.005%, Mg: ≤0.0005%, NH4+: ≤0.05%, Na: ≤0.005%, Pb: ≤0.001%, Zn: ≤0.0005%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.2 ppm, As: ≤1 ppm, Cu: ≤5 ppm, Fe: ≤3 ppm, Hg: ≤1 ppm, Pb: ≤0.5 ppm, heavy metals (as Pb): ≤5 ppm

General description

Citric acid monohydrate is an organic acid. Its molar enthalpy of solution in water has been reported to be ΔsolHm (298.15K, m = 0.0203molkg-1) = (29061 ± 123)Jmol-1

Application

Citric acid monohydrate may be used in the diltiazem hydrochloride (drug) and melt extruded Eudragit RS PO (polymer) formulations. It improves the solubility of drug in the polymer matrix. It may be used to prepare citrate buffer for use in the intravital microscopic studies of adhesion and aggregation of platelets.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

345.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

173.9 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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S Massberg et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 189(8), 1255-1264 (1999-04-20)
Atherosclerotic vascular lesions are considered to be a major cause of ischemic diseases, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Platelet adhesion and aggregation during ischemia-reperfusion are thought to be the initial steps leading to remodeling and reocclusion of the postischemic vasculature.
Sandra U Schilling et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 361(1-2), 158-168 (2008-06-28)
Incomplete drug release and particle size-dependent dissolution performance can compromise the quality of controlled release matrix systems. The objective of the current study was to investigate the ability of citric acid monohydrate (CA MH) to enhance the release of diltiazem
Enthalpy of solution of oxalic, succinic, adipic, maleic, malic, tartaric, and citric acids, oxalic acid dihydrate, and citric acid monohydrate in water at 298.15K.
Apelblat A.
The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 18(4), 351-357 (1986)
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For preventing erosive wear in dentine, coating with adhesives has been suggested as an alternative to fluoridation. However, clinical studies have revealed limited efficacy. As there is first evidence that Sn(2+) increases bond strength of the adhesive Clearfil SE (Kuraray)
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This study evaluated the effect of feed form and grinding intensity of the pig diet and the interaction between both on the particulate matter (PM) concentrations inside a pig nursery and the growth performances of weanling pigs. Four diets were

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