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PHR1009

Supelco

Caffeine

Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

Synonym(s):
1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C8H10N4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
194.19
Beilstein:
17705
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

certified reference material
pharmaceutical secondary standard

CofA

current certificate can be downloaded

application(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

mp

234-236.5 °C (lit.)

Featured Industry

Pharmaceutical (small molecule)

format

neat

pharmacopeia traceability

traceable to BP 766
traceable to PhEur C0100000
traceable to USP 1085003

SMILES string

CN1C(=O)N(C)c2ncn(C)c2C1=O

InChI

1S/C8H10N4O2/c1-10-4-9-6-5(10)7(13)12(3)8(14)11(6)2/h4H,1-3H3

InChI key

RYYVLZVUVIJVGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Certified pharmaceutical secondary standards for application in quality control provide pharma laboratories and manufacturers with a convenient and cost-effective alternative to pharmacopeia primary standards. Caffeine is an N-methyl derivative of xanthine and is involved in gastric acid secretion, diuresis, and stimulation of the central nervous system.

Application

These Secondary Standards are qualified as Certified Reference Materials. These are suitable for use in several analytical applications including but not limited to pharma release testing, pharma method development for qualitative and quantitative analyses, food and beverage quality control testing, and other calibration requirements.
Caffeine may be used as a pharmaceutical reference standard for the determination of the analyte in pharmaceutical formulations, blood plasma, food, drinks, and herbal products by chromatography techniques.

Biochem/physiol Actions

A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.
A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.

Analysis Note

These secondary standards offer multi-traceability to the USP, EP (PhEur) and BP primary standards, where they are available.

Other Notes

This Certified Reference Material (CRM) is produced and certified in accordance with ISO 17034 and ISO/IEC 17025. All information regarding the use of this CRM can be found on the certificate of analysis.

Footnote

To see an example of a Certificate of Analysis for this material enter LRAB7780 in the slot below. This is an example certificate only and may not be the lot that you receive.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Simultaneous voltammetric determination of paracetamol and caffeine in pharmaceutical formulations using a boron-doped diamond electrode.
Lourenc?o BC
Talanta, 78(3), 748-752 (2009)
Simultaneous HPLC determination of caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline in food, drinks, and herbal products.
Srdjenovic B, et al.
Journal of Chromatographic Science, 46(2), 144-149 (2008)
Simultaneous determination of caffeine and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in pharmaceutical formulations and blood plasma by reversed-phase HPLC from linear gradient elution.
Mart?n MJ, et al.
Talanta, 49(2), 453-459 (1999)
Nicolas Bousette et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 229(3), 374-383 (2013-09-17)
Calnexin (CNX) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control chaperone that has been implicated in ER stress. ER stress is a prominent pathological feature of various pathologic conditions, including cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of CNX and ER stress has...
Louise A Horrigan et al.
Pharmacology & therapeutics, 111(3), 877-892 (2006-03-17)
Caffeine is a member of the methylxanthine family of drugs, and is the most widely consumed behaviourally active substance in the western world. This article is focused on the impact of caffeine on immune function. In this regard, a number...

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