Merck
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439134

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetonitrile

suitable for HPLC, gradient grade, ≥99.9%

Synonym(s):
ACN, Cyanomethane, Ethyl nitrile, Methyl cyanide
Linear Formula:
CH3CN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
41.05
Beilstein:
741857
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.03

grade

gradient grade

Quality Level

vapor density

1.41 (vs air)

vapor pressure

72.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

description

HPLC gradient analysis <= 0.5 mAU @254 nm
HPLC gradient analysis <= 3 mAU @ 210 nm
baseline drift at 210 nm <= 15 mAU

assay

≥99.9%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

973 °F

purified by

sub-micron filtration

expl. lim.

16 %

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
UV/Vis spectroscopy: suitable

impurities

≤0.0002% free alkali (as NH3)
≤0.001% free acid (as CH3COOH)
≤0.01% water (Karl Fischer)
≤0.5 ppb quinine fluor., 365 nm
≤1 ppb quinine fluor., 254 nm

evapn. residue

<0.0002%

refractive index

n20/D 1.344 (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble

density

0.786 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

λ

H2O reference

UV absorption

λ: 195 nm Amax: ≤0.12
λ: 200 nm Amax: ≤0.032
λ: 230 nm Amax: ≤0.0044

application(s)

food and beverages

SMILES string

CC#N

InChI

1S/C2H3N/c1-2-3/h1H3

InChI key

WEVYAHXRMPXWCK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetonitrile (MeCN), an aliphatic nitrile, is a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. It is widely used as a solvent and intermediate in organic syntheses. It is transparent to UV-visible light making it highly applicable in spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques. As MeCN has low viscosity, high elution strength and is highly miscible in water, it is utilized as a mobile phase component in many chromatographic techniques. Its infrared spectrum has been recorded. Synthesis of alkyl hydroperoxides in MeCN by alkane oxidation with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of iron complexes has been studied. The hydrogenation of MeCN to form ethylamine using Co–B amorphous alloy catalyst has been investigated.

Packaging

1, 4, 4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle
2×10 L in Nowpak™
18 L in VerSA-Flow™
20 L in Nowpak™
20 L in Nowpak™ II

Preparation Note

Product filtered through a 0.2 μm filter

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Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

35.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

2.0 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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