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Physical-chemical interactions between dental materials surface, salivary pellicle and Streptococcus gordonii.

Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces (2020-03-17)
Ting Sang, Zhou Ye, Nicholas G Fischer, Erik P Skoe, Constanza Echeverría, Jun Wu, Conrado Aparicio

Dental materials are susceptible to dental plaque formation, which increases the risk of biofilm-associated oral diseases. Physical-chemical properties of dental material surfaces can affect salivary pellicle formation and bacteria attachment, but relationships between these properties have been understudied. We aimed to assess the effects of surface properties and adsorbed salivary pellicle on Streptococcus gordonii adhesion to traditional dental materials. Adsorption of salivary pellicle from one donor on gold, stainless steel, alumina and zirconia was monitored with a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D). Surfaces were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy and water contact angles measurement before and after pellicle adsorption. Visualization and quantification of Live/Dead stained bacteria and scanning electron microscopy were used to study S. gordonii attachment to materials with and without pellicle. The work of adhesion between surfaces and bacteria was also determined. Adsorption kinetics and the final thickness of pellicle formed on the four materials were similar. Pellicle deposition on all materials increased surface hydrophilicity, surface energy and work of adhesion with bacteria. Surfaces with pellicle had significantly more attached bacteria than surfaces without pellicle, but the physical-chemical properties of the dental material did not significantly alter bacteria attachment. Our findings suggested that the critical factor increasing S. gordonii attachment was the salivary pellicle formed on dental materials. This is attributed to increased work of adhesion between bacteria and substrates with pellicle. New dental materials should be designed for controlling bacteria attachment by tuning thickness, composition and structure of the adsorbed salivary pellicle.

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MF-Millipore® Membrane Filter, 0.45 µm pore size, 25 mm diameter, mixed cellulose esters (MCE) membrane, hydrophilic, white, 100 discs