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Determination of major sialylated N-glycans and identification of branched sialylated N-glycans that dynamically change their content during development in the mouse cerebral cortex.

Glycoconjugate journal (2014-11-25)
Tomohiro Torii, Takeshi Yoshimura, Mai Narumi, Seiji Hitoshi, Yoshie Takaki, Shuichi Tsuji, Kazuhiro Ikenaka
ABSTRACT

Oligosaccharides of glycoproteins expressed on the cell surface play important roles in cell-cell interactions, particularly sialylated N-glycans having a negative charge, which interact with sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (siglecs). The entire structure of sialylated N-glycans expressed in the mouse brain, particularly the linkage type of sialic acid residues attached to the backbone N-glycans, has not yet been elucidated. An improved method to analyze pyridylaminated sugar chains using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed to determine the entire structure of sialylated N-linked sugar chains expressed in the adult and developing mouse cerebral cortices. Three classes of sialylated sugar chains were prevalent: 1) N-glycans containing α(2-3)-sialyl linkages on a type 2 antennary (Galβ(1-4)GlcNAc), 2) sialylated N-glycans with α(2-6)-sialyl linkages on a type 2 antennary, and 3) a branched sialylated N-glycan with a [Galβ(1-3){NeuAcα(2-6)}GlcNAc-] structure, which was absent at embryonic day 12 but then increased during development. This branched type sialylated N-glycan structure comprised approximately 2 % of the total N-glycans in the adult brain. Some N-glycans (containing type 2 antennary) were found to change their type of sialic acid linkage from α(2-6)-Gal to α(2-3)-Gal. Thus, the linkages and expression levels of sialylated N-glycans change dramatically during brain development.

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