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C8667

Sigma-Aldrich

Cholesterol

Sigma Grade, ≥99%

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Synonym(s):
3β-Hydroxy-5-cholestene, 5-Cholesten-3β-ol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C27H46O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
386.65
Beilstein:
1915888
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39023139
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

biological source

sheep wool

Quality Level

grade

Sigma Grade

Assay

≥99%

form

powder

bp

360 °C (lit.)

mp

147-149 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 0.00003 g/L at 20 °C

density

1.067 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC(C)CCC[C@@H](C)[C@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@@H]3CC=C4C[C@@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)[C@H]3CC[C@]12C

InChI

1S/C27H46O/c1-18(2)7-6-8-19(3)23-11-12-24-22-10-9-20-17-21(28)13-15-26(20,4)25(22)14-16-27(23,24)5/h9,18-19,21-25,28H,6-8,10-17H2,1-5H3/t19-,21+,22+,23-,24+,25+,26+,27-/m1/s1

InChI key

HVYWMOMLDIMFJA-DPAQBDIFSA-N

Gene Information

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Application

Cholesterol was used to prepare immune-stimulating complexes to enhance cellular and humoral responses. It was incorporated in animal feed to study the effect of cholesterol-rich diet.
Standard for chromatography

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cholesterol is a lipid that makes up about 20-25% of the structural components of the cell membranes. It determines the fluidity and permeability of the membrane, making it permeable to water but not to ions and protons. Cholesterol also regulates the functions of the transporters and signaling proteins present on the plasma membrane. The major sites of cholesterol synthesis are small intestine and liver.
Major component of all biological membranes; ~25% of total brain lipid is cholesterol.

Preparation Note

Cholesterol monohydrate yields a clear, colorless to faint yellow solution in hot alcohol. It is also soluble in acetone, dioxane, ethyl acetate, benzene, petroleum ether, oils, fats, and in aqueous solutions of bile salts. Solutions should be protected from light.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Effects of 2 or 5 consecutive exercise days on adipocyte area and lipid parameters in Wistar rats
Guerra RL et al
Lipids in Health and Disease, 6, doi: 10-doi: 10 (2007)
Effects of probiotic bacteria, isoflavones and simvastatin on lipid profile and atherosclerosis in cholesterol-fed rabbits: a randomized double-blind study
Cavallini DC et al
Lipids in Health and Disease, 8, doi: 10-doi: 10 (2009)
Anja Helgeby et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 176(6), 3697-3706 (2006-03-07)
The cholera toxin A1 (CTA1)-DD/QuilA-containing, immune-stimulating complex (ISCOM) vector is a rationally designed mucosal adjuvant that greatly potentiates humoral and cellular immune responses. It was developed to incorporate the distinctive properties of either adjuvant alone in a combination that exerted
Jeffrey Buter et al.
Nature chemical biology, 15(9), 889-899 (2019-08-21)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the world's most deadly pathogen. Unlike less virulent mycobacteria, Mtb produces 1-tuberculosinyladenosine (1-TbAd), an unusual terpene nucleoside of unknown function. In the present study 1-TbAd has been shown to be a naturally evolved phagolysosome disruptor. 1-TbAd
Lan Lin et al.
PLoS pathogens, 15(6), e1007795-e1007795 (2019-06-07)
Infection with the Streptococcus suis (S. suis) epidemic strain can cause Streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome (STSLS), which is characterized by a cytokine storm, dysfunction of multiple organs and a high incidence of mortality despite adequate treatment. Despite some progress concerning

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