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D3775

Sigma-Aldrich

Doxylamine succinate salt

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Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C17H22N2O · C4H6O4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
388.46
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

form

powder

Quality Level

originator

Sanofi Aventis

SMILES string

OC(=O)CCC(O)=O.CN(C)CCOC(C)(c1ccccc1)c2ccccn2

InChI

1S/C17H22N2O.C4H6O4/c1-17(20-14-13-19(2)3,15-9-5-4-6-10-15)16-11-7-8-12-18-16;5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h4-12H,13-14H2,1-3H3;1-2H2,(H,5,6)(H,7,8)

InChI key

KBAUFVUYFNWQFM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... HRH1(3269)

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General description

Doxylamine belongs to the ethanolaime class of antihistamines and is metabolized by the liver into N-demethyl doxylamine and N,N-didemethyl doxylamine. It is generally available as an over the counter (OTC) drug for allergy and cold symptoms.

Application

Doxylamine succinate salt has been used as a therapeutic drug to check developmental toxicity.
Doxylamine succinate salt has been used to study the effects of non-teratogenic exposures on morphology and gene expression in human embryonic stem cell aggregates (HESCA)-CSR, under low concentration of retinoic acid in CS medium.

Biochem/physiol Actions

H1 histamine receptor antagonist; hypnotic.
Doxylamine suppresses histamine at the H1 receptor. It is associated with the short term management of insomnia and temporary relief of common cold symptoms. On the other hand, doxylamine intoxication is linked with rhabdomyolysis and secondary acute renal failure.
Studies in mice show that doxylamine induces liver microsomal cytochrome P450 and other enzymes involved in thyroxine (T4) metabolism. In combination with pyridoxine hydrochloride, this drug is used to treat morning sickness.

Features and Benefits

This compound was developed by Sanofi Aventis. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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