Neurotensin is a 13 amino acid regulatory peptide found mainly in gut and brain. Intestinal neurotensin is produced by a discrete population of endocrine cells (N cells) scattered throughout the jejuno-ileal mucosa.
Heterotrimeric G proteins, comprising α, β and γ subunits, respond to extracellular signals generated by activated seven-transmembrane (7TM) receptors by modulating intracellular effector proteins such as enzymes and ion channels.
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors that are related to retinoid, steroid and thyroid hormone receptors.
In recent years, the biological processes involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have become increasingly better understood. It is now recognized that a key role is played by BACE1 proteases that cleave amyloid precursor protein (APP) to produce
Firefly luciferase is a widely used bioluminescent reporter for studying gene regulation and function. It is a very sensitive genetic reporter due to the absence of endogenous luciferase activity in mammalian cells or tissues.
Phosphatidylcholine (PC)-specific phospholipase D (PLD) enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of PC to generate choline and phosphatidic acid. These enzymes belong to a superfamily of phosphatidyltransferases with a characteristic unique duplicated catalytic domain motif, the PLD or " HKD"
The hydrolysis of a minor membrane phospholipid, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by a specific phospholipase C (PLC) is one of the earliest key events in the regulation of various cell functions by more than 100 extracellular signaling molecules.
Learn about compound library screening and explore our compound libraries, including our Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280) portfolio to experience the gold-standard collection of biologically annotated, ready-to-screen compounds.
Application Index: Complement Proteins offered by Sigma-alderich online.The complement system is a complex cascade involving proteolytic cleavage of serum glycoproteins often activated by cell receptors. This cascade ultimately results in induction of the inflammatory response, phagocyte chemotaxis and opsonization, and
Enzyme Reagent Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH or HSCoA) is the key cofactor in first step of the TCA cycle, responsible for transferring the acetyl group from pyruvate oxidation to oxaloacetate yielding citrate. Available through Sigma-Aldrich online.
Cholesterol undergoes esterification to improve transport. Cholesterol esters are more easily packaged into the interior of lipoproteins - increasing the quantity that can be readily transported in the blood stream.