Merck
All Photos(1)

T8032

Sigma-Aldrich

四环素 盐酸盐

powder

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H24N2O8 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
480.90
Beilstein:
3844873
EC 号:
MDL编号:
PubChem化学物质编号:
NACRES:
NA.76

生物来源

synthetic

质量水平

200

无菌性

γ-irradiated

形式

powder

效能

≥850 μg per mg

储存条件

(Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.)

颜色

faintly yellow to yellow

mp

220-223 °C (lit.)

抗生素抗菌谱

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

作用机制

protein synthesis | interferes

储存温度

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.CN(C)[C@H]1[C@@H]2C[C@H]3C(=C(O)[C@]2(O)C(=O)C(C(N)=O)=C1O)C(=O)c4c(O)cccc4[C@@]3(C)O

InChI

1S/C22H24N2O8.ClH/c1-21(31)8-5-4-6-11(25)12(8)16(26)13-9(21)7-10-15(24(2)3)17(27)14(20(23)30)19(29)22(10,32)18(13)28;/h4-6,9-10,15,25,27-28,31-32H,7H2,1-3H3,(H2,23,30);1H/t9-,10-,15-,21+,22-;/m0./s1

InChI key

XMEVHPAGJVLHIG-FMZCEJRJSA-N

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Related Categories

一般描述

Chemical structure: tetracycline

应用

建议以 10-20μg/ml 的量用于分子生物学应用。

生化/生理作用

作用机制:四环素通过细胞膜中的 proin 通道被动扩散,与 30S 核糖体结合,并通过阻止氨酰基 tRNA 进入 mRNA-核糖体复合物上的受体位点来抑制蛋白质合成。它也与细菌的 50S 核糖体亚基结合,改变膜并导致细胞内成分从细菌细胞中泄漏。通过洗涤可以逆转抑制作用,这表明起到抗菌作用的是可逆结合的抗生素,而不是不可逆结合的药物。

耐药性机制:这种作用通过细胞壁通透性的丧失而失活。

抗菌谱:包括对革兰氏阳性和革兰氏阴性细菌的广泛抗菌活性。

包装

10MG,20MG

注意

直接在样品瓶中用无菌水 (10mg/ml) 制备储存液。储存液在 2-8°C 下保存不应超过一周;四环素在水溶液中会发生水解。

制备说明

The product is freely soluble in water, soluble in methanol and ethanol but is insoluble in ether and hydrocarbons. In water, the product yields a clear, yellow-orange solution with heating and in 95% ethanol, 50 mg dissolved in 4 mL with heating yields a clear, yellow-green solution. Tetracycline is rapidly destroyed by alkali hydroxide solutions and standing water solutions become turbid due to hydrolysis and precipitation. The potency of tetracycline is reduced in solutions with pH below 2.

其他说明

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

警示用语:

Warning

危险分类

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

靶器官

Respiratory system

储存分类代码

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

闪点(F)

Not applicable

闪点(C)

Not applicable

个人防护装备

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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