Merck
All Photos(1)

62580

Sigma-Aldrich

高氯酸锂

purum p.a., ≥98.0% (calc. based on dry substance, T), powder

Linear Formula:
LiClO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
106.39
EC 号:
MDL编号:
PubChem化学物质编号:
NACRES:
NA.21

等级

purum p.a.

质量水平

200

测定

≥98.0% (calc. based on dry substance, T)

形式

powder

reaction suitability

reagent type: oxidant

杂质

≤3% water

pH值(酸碱度)

6.0-9.5 (25 °C, 106.4 g/L)

mp

236 °C (lit.)

溶解性

alcohol: soluble(lit.)
water: soluble(lit.)

痕量阴离子

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤200 mg/kg

痕量阳离子

Ca: ≤100 mg/kg
Cd: ≤50 mg/kg
Co: ≤50 mg/kg
Cu: ≤50 mg/kg
Fe: ≤50 mg/kg
K: ≤500 mg/kg
Na: ≤100 mg/kg
Ni: ≤50 mg/kg
Pb: ≤50 mg/kg
Zn: ≤50 mg/kg

SMILES string

[Li+].[O-]Cl(=O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/ClHO4.Li/c2-1(3,4)5;/h(H,2,3,4,5);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

MHCFAGZWMAWTNR-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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一般描述

Lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) is a colorless lithium salt. Upon crystallization from its aqueous solution, it affords lithium perchlorate trihydrate (LiClO4.3H2O). It can be synthesized by reacting lithium chloride with perchloric acid.[1]

应用

Lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) may be used as a catalyst in the synthesis of bis(indolyl)methanes[2] and in the Baylis-Hillman coupling reaction of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with aldehydes.[3]

警示用语:

Danger

危险分类

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Ox. Sol. 2 - Skin Corr. 1A - STOT SE 3

靶器官

Respiratory system

储存分类代码

5.1A - Strongly oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

闪点(F)

Not applicable

闪点(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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