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Yanliang Tan et al.
Health physics, 107(3), 255-260 (2014-07-30)
Generally, 88% of the freshly generated 218Po ions decayed from 222Rn are positively charged. These positive ions become neutralized by recombination with negative ions, and the main source of the negative ions is the OH- ions formed by radiolysis of...
[The cutting-edge of medicine; hyponatremia and water metabolism disorders in elderly].
San-e Ishikawa
Nihon Naika Gakkai zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine, 102(7), 1807-1813 (2013-08-21)
Yang Le et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 25(11), 2229-2238 (2014-02-21)
Diffusive carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the water surface of the Three Gorges Reservoir, currently the largest hydroelectric reservoir in the world, were measured using floating static chambers over the course of a yearlong survey. The results showed that the...
Małgorzata Cebo et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(30), 8013-8020 (2014-10-31)
Isotope exchange at the histidine C2 atom of imidazole in D2O solution is well known to occur at a significantly slower rate than the exchange of amide protons. Analysis of the kinetics of this isotope-exchange reaction is proposed herein as...
Meng Xu et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 25(3), 479-486 (2013-08-08)
Hydrous manganese dioxide (HMO) synthesized by redox of potassium permanganate and hydrogen peroxide was used as an adsorbent for Pb(II) removal. The specific surface area, pore volume and BJH pore diameter of the HMO were 79.31 m2/g, 0.07 cm3/g and...
Stephen Estes et al.
Developmental neurobiology, 75(5), 435-451 (2014-09-25)
The electrical activity in developing and mature neurons determines the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i), which in turn is translated into biochemical activities through various signaling cascades. Electrical activity is under control of neuromodulators, which can alter neuronal responses to incoming...
John W Castellani et al.
Aviation, space, and environmental medicine, 85(4), 445-448 (2014-04-24)
It has been proposed that microclimate cooling systems exploit the peripheral extremities because of more efficient heat transfer. The purpose of this study was to quantify, using a patented microclimate cooling technique, the heat transfer from the plantar surface of...
Shigeo Hayashi et al.
Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry, 29(6), 846-867 (2014-02-13)
Because of the pivotal role of cyclooxygenase (COX) in the inflammatory processes, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that suppress COX activities have been used clinically for the treatment of inflammatory diseases/syndromes; however, traditional NSAIDs exhibit serious side-effects such as gastrointestinal damage...
Bárbara S F Rodrigues et al.
Chemistry & biodiversity, 12(3), 432-442 (2015-03-15)
The cytotoxic activities of extracts (50 μg/ml) from 48 fungal strains, recovered from sediments of Pecém's offshore port terminal (Northeast coast of Brazil), against HCT-116 colon cancer cell lines were investigated. The most promising extract was obtained from strain BRF082, identified...
Satinder K Shrama et al.
Nanoscale research letters, 9(1), 122-122 (2014-03-19)
One-dimensional (1-D) ultrathin (15 nm) and thin (100 nm) aligned 1-D (0001) and (0001¯) oriented zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowire (NW) arrays were fabricated on copper substrates by one-step electrochemical deposition inside the pores of polycarbonate membranes. The aspect ratio dependence of the...
Hanmei Hu et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4462-4468 (2014-04-18)
A mild one-pot hydrothermal route has been successfully designed to controllably prepare orthorhombic alpha-MoO3 nanobelts and monoclinic MoO2 microaxletrees respectively by adjusting the dosage of (NH4)6M07O24 x 4H2O (AHM). The products are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron...
Jennifer L Booth et al.
Comparative medicine, 64(6), 424-439 (2014-12-21)
Mycoplasmosis is a frequent causative microbial agent of community-acquired pneumonia and has been linked to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The macrophage class A scavenger receptor (SRA) facilitates the clearance of noxious particles, oxidants, and infectious organisms by alveolar...
José Gerardo Carneiro et al.
Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology, 115(4), 335-342 (2014-03-29)
Sulphated polysaccharides from marine algae are widely used in biotechnological and pharmaceutical areas. In this study, we evaluated the effects of sulphated polysaccharides from the green marine alga Caulerpa mexicana (Cm-SPs) in nociceptive and inflammatory models in rodents. Cm-SPs (10...
Daolin Sun et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 25(3), 460-465 (2013-08-08)
There are regular problems of musty odor in the Huangpu River, a major source of drinking water for Shanghai, China. In this study, the musty odor and its main causative compounds in the Huangpu River source water were confirmed through...
Lisa M Yates et al.
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology, 16(3), 415-423 (2015-02-03)
Protein pyrophosphorylation is emerging as a new post-translational modification, yet its role in cellular signaling remains poorly characterized. Important factors in determining the biological relevance of pyrophosphorylation include understanding the chemical and biochemical stability of the pyrophosphoryl group and elucidating...
J B Ferreira et al.
Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN, 54(4), 748-751 (2014-06-28)
Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is identified by mineralization of the basal ganglia and other brain regions in the absence of known causes. The condition is often inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern and can manifest itself clinically with neuropsychiatric...
Jianghua Yu et al.
Water environment research : a research publication of the Water Environment Federation, 85(7), 596-603 (2013-08-16)
A synthetic-fiber barrier for the removal of turbidity in water was developed and tested using a laboratory scale channel. The effects of hydraulics (flow rate and exchange rate); density current caused by temperature and turbidity difference; barrier conditions (thickness, number...
T B Musso et al.
Environmental technology, 34(17-20), 2465-2476 (2014-02-18)
Earthen layers play a significant role in isolating contaminants in the subsurface, controlling the migration of contaminant plumes, and as landfill liners and covers. The physical, chemical and mineralogical properties of three calcareous mudstones from the Jagüel and Roca formations...
Anna Gadaj et al.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, 32(2), 180-193 (2014-11-06)
The depletion of three banned nitroimidazole drugs - dimetridazole (DMZ), metronidazole (MNZ) and ronidazole (RNZ) - was investigated in black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) following in-water medication. The highest concentrations of residues were measured immediately after the 24-h immersion (d0)....
Sarah Kittel-Schneider et al.
Journal of psychopharmacology (Oxford, England), 29(1), 31-38 (2014-10-17)
Several studies have shown altered levels of nitric oxide (NO) and its stable metabolites (NOx (-)) in blood and cerebrospinal fluid of psychiatric patients. The aim of our study was to replicate previous findings and investigate the influence of the...
Izabela Laczmanska et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 35(12), 12397-12401 (2014-09-10)
The protective effect of vitamin D against several cancers including colorectal cancer is modulated by the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and its ligand, the active form of vitamin D. VDR response has been found to play a role in various...
Josep Anton Mir-Tutusaus et al.
The Science of the total environment, 500-501, 235-242 (2014-09-15)
Use of agrochemicals is a worldwide practice that exerts an important effect on the environment; therefore the search of approaches for the elimination of such pollutants should be encouraged. The degradation of the insecticides imiprothrin (IP) and cypermethrin (CP), the...
Buzhu Yu et al.
Phytochemistry, 108, 77-86 (2014-10-14)
The remodelling of membrane lipids contributes to the tolerance of plants to stresses, such as freezing and deprivation of phosphorus. However, whether and how this remodelling relates to tolerance of PEG-induced osmotic stress has seldom been reported. Thellungiella salsuginea is...
Hanne Haslene-Hox et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 308(1), H18-H28 (2014-11-09)
Elements of the extracellular matrix (ECM), notably collagen and glucosaminoglycans, will restrict part of the space available for soluble macromolecules simply because the molecules cannot occupy the same space. This phenomenon may influence macromolecular drug uptake. To study the influence...
Yubin Zeng et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4579-4583 (2014-04-18)
Uniform and assembled LaBO3 nanocrystals have been successfully synthesized via a facile hydrothermal method. These assemblies exhibit a rod-shape morphology and each of them consists of small LaBO3 nanocrystals which are tightly attached together. The phase, surface and morphology of...
Chieh-Jui Tsou et al.
Nanoscale, 7(9), 4217-4225 (2015-02-13)
Continuous and simultaneous 3D single-particle movement and local pH detection in HeLa cells were demonstrated for the first time by combining fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (FMSNs) and a single-particle tracking (SPT) technique with a precision of ∼10 nm. FMSNs, synthesized...
Klaus Gerwert et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1837(5), 606-613 (2013-09-24)
Protein-bound internal water molecules are essential features of the structure and function of microbial rhodopsins. Besides structural stabilization, they act as proton conductors and even proton storage sites. Currently, the most understood model system exhibiting such features is bacteriorhodopsin (bR)....
Alicia Rodríguez et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 194, 71-77 (2014-12-02)
Dry-cured sausages are colonised by moulds during the ripening process. The temperature and the salt content (which affects water activity, aw) predispose the surface to colonisation by Penicillium species, including Penicillium nordicum and Penicillium verrucosum which can lead to contamination...
Nicholas Cox et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 804-808 (2014-08-16)
The photosynthetic protein complex photosystem II oxidizes water to molecular oxygen at an embedded tetramanganese-calcium cluster. Resolving the geometric and electronic structure of this cluster in its highest metastable catalytic state (designated S3) is a prerequisite for understanding the mechanism...
Christoph Janiak et al.
Chimia, 67(6), 419-424 (2013-08-16)
Porous coordination polymers (PCPs)/metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are inorganic-organic hybrid materials with a permanent three-dimensional porous metal-ligand network. PCPs or MOFs are inorganic-organic analogs of zeolites in terms of porosity and reversible guest exchange properties. Microporous water-stable PCPs with high water...
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页码 1 来自 17