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Zinc and copper toxicity in host defense against pathogens: Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a model example of an emerging paradigm.
Olivier Neyrolles et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 3, 89-89 (2013-12-19)
S K Gupta et al.
Journal of surgical oncology, 91(3), 204-208 (2005-08-25)
The exact role of copper and zinc in the etiology of carcinoma of the gallbladder is unclear. Some studies suggest the Cu/Zn ratio is a good indicator of the extent and prognosis in carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract. The aim
Susan J Zunino et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 112(3), 369-380 (2014-05-17)
Obese individuals are at an increased risk of developing CVD, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and bacterial and viral infections when compared with the normal-weight population. In a 9-week randomised, double-blind, cross-over study, twenty-four obese subjects aged between 20 and 60
Xuan-Yu Min et al.
International journal of radiation biology, 90(10), 909-913 (2014-05-16)
To develop a new biological dosimeter based on serum zinc concentration. Male mice (8 weeks old) were exposed to different doses (0, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, or 8.0 Gy) of gamma rays from a (60)Co source. Blood was then collected from
Yanhui Shi et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(26), 9390-9395 (2014-07-01)
Multicomponent self-assembly, wherein two unique donor precursors are combined with a single metal acceptor instead of the more common two-component assembly, can be achieved by selecting Lewis-basic sites and metal nodes that select for heteroligated coordination spheres. Platinum(II) ions show
J A Molina et al.
Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), 109(7-8), 1035-1044 (2002-07-12)
Thiamine is an essential cofactor for several important enzymes involved in brain oxidative metabolism, such as the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex (PDHC), and transketolase. Some investigators reported decreased thiamine-diphosphate levels and decreased activities of KGDHC, pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex and
Wolfgang Maret
Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 389-414 (2014-01-29)
The vast knowledge of the physiologic functions of zinc in at least 3000 proteins and the recent recognition of fundamental regulatory functions of zinc(II) ions released from cells or within cells links this nutritionally essential metal ion to numerous diseases.
Christian Fleck et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 336(1-2), 1-12 (2003-09-23)
NO synthesis is inhibited by the dimethylarginine (DMA) ADMA, which accumulates, similar to SDMA, in the plasma of patients suffering from chronic renal failure (CRF). ADMA and possibly SDMA contribute to hypertension and atherosclerosis in patients with chronic renal disease:
Valerio Leoni et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 42(2), 186-191 (2004-04-06)
24S-Hydroxycholesterol (24OHC) and 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) are two structurally similar oxysterols of different origins--the former almost exclusively formed in the brain and the latter formed to a lesser extent in the brain than in most other organs. HYPOTHESIS TO BE TESTED:
Stefanie Grabrucker et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 1), 137-152 (2013-11-28)
Proteins of the ProSAP/Shank family act as major organizing scaffolding elements within the postsynaptic density of excitatory synapses. Deletions, mutations or the downregulation of these molecules has been linked to autism spectrum disorders, the related Phelan McDermid Syndrome or Alzheimer's
Sonia Melino et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(3), 657-672 (2013-11-14)
Natural antimicrobial peptides represent a primordial mechanism of immunity in both vertebrate and nonvertebrate organisms. Among them, histatins belong to a family of human salivary metal-binding peptides displaying potent antibacterial, antifungal and wound-healing activities. These properties, along with the ability
S S Park et al.
Journal of wound care, 24(1), 23-33 (2014-12-30)
Wound healing is enhanced in the presence of an external electrical field. The purpose of this study was first to investigate whether microelectric potentials (EPs) can be generated when the innovative design of a silver (Ag)- and zinc (Zn)-printed wound
A Moser et al.
Journal of the neurological sciences, 131(2), 183-189 (1995-08-01)
We could identify the MPTP-like compound and isoquinoline derivative N-methyl-norsalsolinol (2-MDTIQ) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Parkinson's disease. The presence of 2-MDTIQ negatively correlated with the disease duration. In order to study the relationship between presence of 2-MDTIQ
Georges Chreifi et al.
Biochemistry, 53(25), 4216-4223 (2014-05-14)
The nitric oxide synthase (NOS) dimer is stabilized by a Zn(2+) ion coordinated to four symmetry-related Cys residues exactly along the dimer 2-fold axis. Each of the two essential tetrahydrobiopterin (H4B) molecules in the dimer interacts directly with the heme
Cristiane Cominetti et al.
Obesity surgery, 16(4), 448-453 (2006-04-13)
Previous researchers have found that the nutritional zinc status in obese and diabetic subjects is altered: low zinc concentrations in plasma and erythrocytes with high urinary zinc excretion were observed. This study assessed the influence of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
Wen-Lin An et al.
Brain research. Molecular brain research, 135(1-2), 40-47 (2005-04-29)
Zinc levels are increased in brain areas severely affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathologies. Zinc has both protective and neurotoxic properties and can stimulate both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. Several kinases related to these pathways
Jun-Hui Choi et al.
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 118(4), 372-377 (2014-04-22)
A thrombolytic protease named kitamase possessing anticoagulant property was purified from edible and medicinal plant Aster yomena (Kitam.) Honda. Kitamase showed a molecular weight of 50 kDa by SDS-PAGE and displayed a strong fibrin zymogram lysis band corresponding to the similar
Brittany L Mortensen et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 196(14), 2616-2626 (2014-05-13)
Acinetobacter baumannii is a leading cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care units, and the increasing rates of antibiotic resistance make treating these infections challenging. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop new antimicrobials to treat A. baumannii infections.
M L Selley et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 23(3), 383-388 (2002-04-18)
There is evidence that increased blood concentrations of homocysteine may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. (E)-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a neurotoxic product of lipid peroxidation that is increased in the ventricular fluid and brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
Marcella C Galvão et al.
Life sciences, 120, 54-60 (2014-12-03)
Previous investigations by our group have shown that prenatal treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100 μg/kg, intraperitoneally) on gestation day (GD) 9.5 in rats, which mimics infections by Gram-negative bacteria, induces short- and long-term behavioral and neuroimmune changes in the offspring.
Beatriz Garrido-Rodriguez et al.
Chemosphere, 107, 379-385 (2014-01-29)
Batch type and column experiments were used to study competitive adsorption-desorption and transport for Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn in a mine soil, both un-amended and amended with mussel shell. Batch type experiments showed that adsorption was affected by the
Use of activation methods for organozinc reagents.
Erdik E
Tetrahedron, 43(10), 2203-2212 (1987)
Najjapak Sooksawat et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 25(3), 596-604 (2013-08-08)
The ability for usage of common freshwater charophytes, Chara aculeolata and Nitella opaca in removal of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) from wastewater was examined. C. aculeolata and N. opaca were exposed to various concentrations of Cd (0.25
Jian-ping Jia et al.
Chinese medical journal, 117(8), 1161-1164 (2004-09-14)
An important aspect of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is loss or impairment of cholinergic neurons. It is controversial whether there is a similar cholinergic impairment and cerebral deficit of acetylcholine (ACh) in the case of vascular dementia (VD). The purpose of
T Kikuchi et al.
Clinical chemistry, 27(11), 1899-1902 (1981-11-01)
We describe a method for determination of guanidino compounds in plasma and erythrocytes. The compounds are separated by liquid chromatography, the concentrations in the effluent being estimated fluorometrically (Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Intern. Organs 24: 61, 1978). Guanidinoacetic acid, guanidinosuccinic
E J Pappert et al.
Neurology, 47(4), 1037-1042 (1996-10-01)
To determine if ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (vCSF) alpha-tocopherol levels in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients can be increased by oral alpha-tocopherol supplementation and whether vCSF levels are linearly related to plasma alpha-tocopherol levels. In spite of its putative neuroprotective properties, alpha-tocopherol
Metals: setting a trap for copper.
Valeria Culotta
Nature chemical biology, 10(12), 986-987 (2014-10-27)
Dönem Avci et al.
Molecular cell, 56(5), 630-640 (2014-12-03)
Proteolysis by aspartyl intramembrane proteases such as presenilin and signal peptide peptidase (SPP) underlies many cellular processes in health and disease. Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a homolog that we named yeast presenilin fold 1 (Ypf1), which we verify to be an
Caroline M Rufo et al.
Nature chemistry, 6(4), 303-309 (2014-03-22)
Enzymes fold into unique three-dimensional structures, which underlie their remarkable catalytic properties. The requirement to adopt a stable, folded conformation is likely to contribute to their relatively large size (>10,000 Da). However, much shorter peptides can achieve well-defined conformations through
T Takagi et al.
Journal of chromatography, 272(2), 279-285 (1983-02-11)
The levels of putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine and spermine in uremic plasma were determined with an automatic polyamine analyzer with a 7.5 X 0.2 cm I.D. cation-exchange column using a stepwise sodium chloride gradient. All four polyamines were higher in ten
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