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Keith G Davies et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 218(Pt 5), 778-785 (2015-01-27)
Ambient exposure to a short synthetic peptide has enhanced fecundity (number of offspring) in invertebrates and vertebrates, ostensibly by disinhibiting reproduction. In separate experiments, nematodes (Caenorhabditis elegans) and guppy fish (Poecilia reticulata) were exposed via their aqueous environment to a
Pradipbhai D Kalariya et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 353-365 (2014-12-03)
The present study reports the degradation behavior of a new antidepressant drug, vilazodone, under various stress conditions as per International Conference on Harmonization guidelines (ICH, Q1A(R2). The investigation involved monitoring decomposition of the drug under hydrolytic (acidic, basic and neutral)
Susan J Zunino et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 112(3), 369-380 (2014-05-17)
Obese individuals are at an increased risk of developing CVD, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and bacterial and viral infections when compared with the normal-weight population. In a 9-week randomised, double-blind, cross-over study, twenty-four obese subjects aged between 20 and 60
Rebecca J Henry et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 276(1-2), 126-134 (2014-09-24)
The present study examined the effect of enhancing fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) substrate levels in vivo on Toll-like receptor (TLR)3-induced neuroinflammation. Systemic and central (i.c.v.) administration of the FAAH inhibitor URB597 increased hippocampal levels of the N-acylethanolamines palmitoylethanolamide and
C L Ward et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1572-e1572 (2014-12-17)
Fused in sarcoma/translocated in liposarcoma (FUS/TLS or FUS) is a multifunctional RNA/DNA-binding protein that is pathologically associated with cancer and neurodegeneration. To gain insight into the vital functions of FUS and how a loss of FUS function impacts cellular homeostasis
Muluneh M Fashe et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 27(11), 1950-1957 (2014-10-09)
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) such as retrorsine are common food contaminants that are known to be bioactivated by cytochrome P450 enzymes to putative hepatotoxic, genotoxic, and carcinogenic metabolites known as dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids (DHPs). We compared how both electrochemical (EC) and human
Stéphane Jaisson et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 53(1), 103-110 (2014-08-26)
Carbamylation is a non-enzymatic post-translational modification of proteins that has been recently identified as a non-traditional risk factor for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether serum homocitrulline (HCit), a characteristic carbamylation-derived product, was related to the
Esther See et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 473(1-2), 528-535 (2014-08-01)
To facilitate the development of a liposomal formulation for cancer therapy, the physicochemical properties of asulacrine (ASL), an anticancer drug candidate, were characterized. Nano-liposomes were prepared by thin-film hydration in conjugation with active drug loading using ammonium sulphate and post-insertion
Kara Lea Vine et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(3), 1045-1054 (2014-09-19)
Overexpression of the serine protease urokinase (uPA) is recognised as an important biomarker of metastatic disease and a druggable anticancer target. Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2/SerpinB2) is a specific uPA inhibitor with proven potential for use in targeted therapy. However
Caroline Le Maréchal et al.
Journal of proteomics, 113, 447-461 (2014-08-26)
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a beneficial bacterium used in the food industry as a vitamin producer, as a bio-preservative, as a cheese ripening starter and as a probiotic. It is known to adhere to intestinal epithelial cells and mucus and to
Marcello Locatelli et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1388, 79-86 (2015-02-24)
This paper reports the validation of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous analysis, in mouse plasma, of eperisone hydrochloride and paracetamol by protein precipitation using zinc sulphate-methanol-acetonitrile. The analytes were resolved on a Gemini
Chun-Xia Zhao et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 112(5), 957-964 (2014-11-27)
Antimicrobial peptides, as a new class of antibiotics, have generated tremendous interest as potential alternatives to classical antibiotics. However, the large-scale production of antimicrobial peptides remains a significant challenge. This paper reports a simple and low-cost chromatography-free platform technology for
Aitor Carretero et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(22), 5465-5476 (2014-06-28)
Multiple analytical methods are required to comprehensively assess oxidative homeostasis and specific damage to macromolecules. Our aim was to develop a straightforward strategy for the fast assessment of global oxidative status and specific damage to DNA, proteins, and lipids. To
Brian Wiggins et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 104(4), 1362-1372 (2015-01-30)
Two US FDA-approved antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs; Kadcyla(®) and Adcetris(®) ) have accelerated clinical interest in the potential of targeted cancer therapeutics as the next generation of oncology drugs that are designed to increase efficacy while reducing overall toxicity. Thiol conjugates
Ioannis Kasioulis et al.
Molecular biology of the cell, 25(8), 1216-1233 (2014-02-21)
The lysine demethylase Kdm3a (Jhdm2a, Jmjd1a) is required for male fertility, sex determination, and metabolic homeostasis through its nuclear role in chromatin remodeling. Many histone-modifying enzymes have additional nonhistone substrates, as well as nonenzymatic functions, contributing to the full spectrum
So Jung An et al.
Vaccine, 33(13), 1614-1619 (2015-02-11)
The majority of conjugate vaccines focus on inducing an antibody response to the polysaccharide antigen and the carrier protein is present primarily to induce a T-cell dependent response. In this study conjugates consisting of poly(ribosylribitolphosphate) (PRP) purified from Haemophilus influenzae
Hyun-Kyung Na et al.
Toxicology letters, 232(2), 429-437 (2014-12-03)
Tobacco smoking is a well-known cause of various diseases, however, its toxic mechanisms for diseases are not completely understood, yet. Therefore, we performed biological monitoring to find tobacco smoking-responsive mechanisms including oxidative stress in Korean men (N=36). Whole genome microarray
M Lupi et al.
Nanotechnology, 25(33), 335706-335706 (2014-07-31)
One of the major drawbacks that limits the clinical application of nanoparticles is the lack of preliminary investigations related to their biocompatibility, biodegradability and biodistribution. In this work, biodegradable PEGylated polymer nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized by using macromonomers based
Thomas G Hammond et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 350(2), 387-402 (2014-06-07)
Covalent protein modifications by electrophilic acyl glucuronide (AG) metabolites are hypothetical causes of hypersensitivity reactions associated with certain carboxylate drugs. The complex rearrangements and reactivities of drug AG have been defined in great detail, and protein adducts of carboxylate drugs
Balakrishnan S Moorthy et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(6), 1869-1879 (2014-05-13)
Solid state amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange with mass spectrometric analysis (ssHDX-MS) was used to assess the conformation of myoglobin (Mb) in lyophilized formulations, and the results correlated with the extent of aggregation during storage. Mb was colyophilized with sucrose (1:1 or
Zhigang Wang et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 107, 1-6 (2015-01-06)
The metabolism of gentiopicroside in vivo was studied by LC/MS following 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine derivatization for the first time. The ionization efficiency of the major metabolites erythrocentaurin and gentiopicral were greatly enhanced by the new analytical method developed, and they were successfully
Panfeng Yu et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 959, 55-61 (2014-04-29)
This paper described a novel application of PEGylated magnetic carbon nanotubes as solid-phase extraction nanosorbents for the determination of puerarin in rat plasma by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A solvothermal method was employed for the synthesis of monodisperse magnetites
Zhuoyang Fan et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0120129-e0120129 (2015-04-02)
Genexol-PM, produced by Samyang Company (Korea) is an excellent preparation of paclitaxel (PTX) for clinical cancer treatment. However, it cannot resolve the issue of multidrug resistance (MDR)-a significant problem in the administration of PTX to cancer patients. To increase the
Qiangwei Wang et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 160, 163-171 (2015-02-01)
Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP) is an organophosphate flame retardant that is detectable in the environment and biota, prompting concern over its risk to wildlife and human health. Our objective was to investigate whether long-term exposure to low concentrations of TDCPP can
Thomas P Forbes et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(15), 7788-7797 (2014-06-27)
We demonstrate the coupling of desorption electro-flow focusing ionization (DEFFI) with in-source collision induced dissociation (CID) for the mass spectrometric (MS) detection and imaging of explosive device components, including both inorganic and organic explosives and energetic materials. We utilize in-source
Joshua O Sestak et al.
The AAPS journal, 16(6), 1185-1193 (2014-09-07)
Presentation of antigen with immune stimulating "signal" has been a cornerstone of vaccine design for decades. Here, the antigen plus immune "signal" of vaccines is modified to produce antigen-specific immunotherapies (antigen-SITs) that can potentially reprogram the immune response toward tolerance
Navneeta Bansal et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 436, 97-103 (2014-05-31)
To address the shortcomings of urine cytology and cystoscopy for screening and grading of urinary bladder cancer (BC) we applied a serum-based proteomics approach as a surrogate tactic for rapid BC probing. This study was performed on 90 sera samples
Eric Nurit et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(12), 3471-3479 (2015-02-24)
Wheat is the second largest crop cultivated around the world and constitutes a major part of the daily diet in Europe. It is therefore important to determine the content of micronutrient in wheat and wheat-based food products to define the
Guntis Cepurnieks et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 184-192 (2014-10-06)
A new multi-class method has been developed for the identification and quantification of the residues of 26 antibiotics from different classes (sulfonamides, macrolides, tetracyclines, penicillins, and quinolones) in milk and meat by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to hybrid quadrupole
Xin Xiong et al.
Biomedical chromatography : BMC, 29(2), 268-274 (2014-06-24)
A high-throughout bioanalytical method based on salting-out-assisted liquid/liquid extraction (SALLE) method with acetonitrile and mass spectrometry-compatible salts followed by LC-MS/MS analysis of trimetazidine in rat plasma is presented. It required only 50 μL of plasma and allows the use of minimal
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