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Ma Paz Zafra et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(3), 5434-5451 (2015-03-13)
Eosinophils are one of the key inflammatory cells in asthma. Eosinophils can exert a wide variety of actions through expression and secretion of multiple molecules. Previously, we have demonstrated that eosinophils purified from peripheral blood from asthma patients express high
Laszlo G Harsing et al.
Acta physiologica Hungarica, 99(1), 1-17 (2012-03-20)
Glycine is a mandatory positive allosteric modulator of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type ionotropic glutamate receptors in the central nervous system. Elevation of glycine concentrations by inhibition of its reuptake in the vicinity of NMDA receptors may positively influence receptor functions as glycine
Cristina M Ramírez et al.
Journal of lipid research, 55(6), 1066-1076 (2014-04-15)
ABCA1 is a major regulator of cellular cholesterol efflux and plasma HDL biogenesis. Even though the transcriptional activation of ABCA1 is well established, the posttranscriptional regulation of ABCA1 expression is poorly understood. Here, we investigate the potential contribution of the
Nicoletta Ferradini et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0126051-e0126051 (2015-05-08)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are molecular chaperones involved in many cellular functions. It has been shown that mammalian cytosolic HSP70 binds antigenic peptides mediating the activation of the immune system, and that it plays a determining role in tumour immunogenicity.
Seonil Kim et al.
PLoS biology, 12(7), e1001900-e1001900 (2014-07-02)
Homeostatic synaptic plasticity is a negative-feedback mechanism for compensating excessive excitation or inhibition of neuronal activity. When neuronal activity is chronically suppressed, neurons increase synaptic strength across all affected synapses via synaptic scaling. One mechanism for this change is alteration
Ming Li et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(5), 9134-9151 (2015-04-29)
Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) is an inherited disease of the nervous system. We previously identified PRRT2 as the causative gene of PKC. However, as little is known about the function of PRRT2, elucidating its function will benefit not only PKC
Dan Vershkov et al.
Cell reports, 26(10), 2531-2539 (2019-03-07)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused primarily by a CGG repeat expansion in the FMR1 gene that triggers its transcriptional silencing. In order to investigate the regulatory layers involved in FMR1 inactivation, we tested a collection of chromatin modulators for
J L K Van Hove et al.
Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 28(5), 651-663 (2005-09-10)
High-dose benzoate treatment aimed at reducing plasma glycine levels to normal reduces seizures and increases wakefulness in patients with nonketotic hyperglycinaemia (NKH). Since benzoate metabolism is dependent on the available glycine pool, and since the glycine pool is variably affected
Maria Luisa Gelmi et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 49(18), 5571-5577 (2006-09-01)
A novel class of 3-demethoxy-3-glycosylaminothiocolchicines (7) was prepared and tested for muscle relaxant activity. The syntheses were performed starting from the new 3-amino-3-demethoxythiocolchicine (5) prepared in good yield from 3-O-demethylthiocolchicine (1c) using the Buchwald-Hartwig reaction. The condensation of 5 with
Jean Paul Dzoyem et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 156, 1-8 (2014-08-26)
Culinary herbs and spices are widely used ethnomedically across Africa. They are traditionally employed in the treatment of several ailments including inflammation disorders, pain alleviation and infectious diseases. Pharmacological studies are necessary to provide a scientific basis to substantiate their
Robert A Gelfand et al.
The journal of sexual medicine, 12(2), 313-327 (2014-12-17)
The success of medical therapies for Peyronie's disease (PD) has not been optimal, possibly because many of them went directly to clinical application without sufficient preclinical scientific research. Previous studies revealed cellular and molecular pathways involved in the formation of
Serena Giuliano et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e110073-e110073 (2014-12-04)
Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) is a recessively inherited rare disorder characterized by a combination of neuropsychiatric and bone symptoms which, while being unique to this disease, do not provide a rationale for the unambiguous identification of patients. These individuals, in fact
Satoshi Fujita et al.
Journal of vascular surgery, 62(5), 1312-1319 (2014-05-14)
The development of spinal cord injury is believed to be related to the vulnerability of spinal motor neurons to ischemia. However, the mechanisms underlying this vulnerability have not been fully investigated. Previously, we reported that spinal motor neurons are lost
Nguyen Phuong Thao et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 18(1), 45-53 (2014-09-12)
Bioassay-directed fractionation and purification were used to isolate 12 steroids (1-12) from a CH(2)Cl(2) extract of the edible Vietnamese sea urchin Diadema savignyi Michelin. The cytotoxic activity of the CH(2)Cl(2) extract and 12 steroids was evaluated in three human cancer
D Kalo et al.
Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.), 53, 141-151 (2015-04-23)
Phthalates are known reproductive toxicants, but their intracellular disruptive effects on oocyte maturation competence are less known. We studied the potential risk associated with acute exposure of oocytes to mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP). First, bovine oocytes were matured in vitro with or
Carlos M Laborde et al.
Proteome science, 12, 43-43 (2014-01-01)
Acute coronary syndrome is the major cause of death in developed countries. Despite its high prevalence, there is still a strong need for new biomarkers which permit faster and more accurate diagnostics and new therapeutic drugs. The basis for this
Alexandra Rogue et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 276(1), 73-81 (2014-02-19)
Although non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common form of chronic liver disease there is no pharmacological agent approved for its treatment. Since peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are closely associated with hepatic lipid metabolism, they seem to
Franziska Barthel et al.
Anesthesiology, 121(1), 160-169 (2014-03-07)
Dysfunction of spinal glycinergic neurotransmission is a major pathogenetic factor in neuropathic pain. The synaptic glycine concentration is controlled by the two glycine transporters (GlyT) 1 and 2. GlyT inhibitors act antinociceptive in various animal pain models when applied as
Tae Hoon Kwon et al.
Molecules and cells, 38(7), 616-623 (2015-05-28)
P2 receptors are membrane-bound receptors for extracellular nucleotides such as ATP and UTP. P2 receptors have been classified as ligand-gated ion channels or P2X receptors and G protein-coupled P2Y receptors. Recently, purinergic signaling has begun to attract attention as a
Francis Y Kim et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 308(4), L368-L377 (2014-11-17)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) increases pulmonary vascular tone through direct effects on pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) via membrane-bound ET-1 receptors. Circulating ET-1 contributes to vascular remodeling by promoting SMC proliferation and migration and inhibiting SMC apoptosis. Although endothelial cells (EC)
Marco Pistolozzi et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 968, 69-78 (2014-01-30)
A series of novel tocainide analogues were characterized for their HSA and RSA binding, by using high-performance liquid affinity chromatography (HPLAC) and circular dichroism (CD). In this HPLAC study, HSA and RSA were covalently immobilized to the silica matrix of
Sorina Morar-Mitrica et al.
mAbs, 7(4), 792-803 (2015-06-16)
The physical and chemical integrity of a biopharmaceutical must be maintained not only during long-term storage but also during administration. Specifically for the intravenous (i.v.) delivery of a protein drug, loss of stability can occur when the protein formulation is
J R Bales et al.
Clinical chemistry, 30(3), 426-432 (1984-03-01)
Numerous low-Mr metabolites--including creatinine, citrate, hippurate, glucose, ketone bodies, and various amino acids--have been identified in 400- and 500-MHz proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectra of intact human urine. The presence of many of these was related to the
Sonia Olivia Spitzer et al.
Neuron, 101(3), 459-471 (2019-01-19)
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs), which differentiate into myelinating oligodendrocytes during CNS development, are the main proliferative cells in the adult brain. OPCs are conventionally considered a homogeneous population, particularly with respect to their electrophysiological properties, but this has been debated.
Abubakar Wani et al.
Autophagy, 15(10), 1810-1828 (2019-03-22)
Imbalance in production and clearance of amyloid beta (Aβ) is the primary reason for its deposition in Alzheimer disease. Macroautophagy/autophagy is one of the important mechanisms for clearance of both intracellular and extracellular Aβ. Here, through screening, we identified alborixin
Ziye Zhang et al.
Food chemistry, 188, 111-118 (2015-06-05)
The effects of high pressure (100-500 MPa) on chemical forces and water holding capacity of heat-induced myofibrillar protein (MP) gel were investigated. As pressure increased, total sulfhydryl (SH) group content decreased and absolute value of zeta potential increased, which suggested
Mark G Jones et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 361(1-2), 150-158 (2005-07-05)
Previous work by others have suggested the occurrence of one or more chemical or metabolic 'markers' for ME/CFS including specific amino acids and organic acids and a number of unidentified compounds (CFSUM1, CFSUM2). We have shown elsewhere that CFSUM1 is
Andrew P Prescot et al.
Magnetic resonance in medicine, 55(3), 681-686 (2006-02-03)
A single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) method is described that enables the in vivo measurement of endogenous brain glycine (Gly) levels in human subjects. At 4.0 T, TE-averaging (1)H-MRS dramatically attenuates the overlapping myo-inositol (mI) resonances at 3.52 ppm
Sivankutty Indu et al.
Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP, 14(12), 3185-3195 (2015-10-04)
DYNLT1 is a member of a gene family identified within the t-complex of the mouse, which has been linked with male germ cell development and function in the mouse and the fly. Though defects in the expression of this gene
Michele Bellesi et al.
BMC biology, 13, 66-66 (2015-08-26)
Astrocytes can mediate neurovascular coupling, modulate neuronal excitability, and promote synaptic maturation and remodeling. All these functions are likely to be modulated by the sleep/wake cycle, because brain metabolism, neuronal activity and synaptic turnover change as a function of behavioral
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