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Vivien W W Bao et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 157, 81-93 (2014-12-03)
Zinc pyrithione (ZnPT) is a widely used booster biocide in combination with copper (Cu) in antifouling paints as a substitute for tributyltin. The co-occurrence of ZnPT and Cu in coastal marine environments is therefore very common, and may pose a
Geir Bjorklund
Acta neurobiologiae experimentalis, 73(2), 225-236 (2013-07-05)
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. Several studies have suggested a disturbance in the copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) metabolism in ASDs. Zinc deficiency, excess Cu levels
Amna I Dermish et al.
Expert review of medical devices, 10(4), 477-488 (2013-07-31)
Worldwide, 40% of all pregnancies are unintended. Widespread, over-the-counter availability of oral emergency contraception (EC) has not reduced unintended pregnancy rates. The EC visit presents an opportunity to initiate a highly effective method of contraception in a population at high
Copper rewired.
Nature, 508(7495), 150-150 (2014-04-12)
Goldie Songra et al.
American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 145(5), 569-578 (2014-05-03)
The aim of this study was to compare the time to initial alignment and extraction space closure using conventional brackets and active and passive self-ligating brackets. One hundred adolescent patients 11 to 18 years of age undergoing maxillary and mandibular
Marten H Vos et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1847(1), 79-85 (2014-08-15)
The catalytic site of heme-copper oxidases encompasses two close-lying ligand binding sites: the heme, where oxygen is bound and reduced and the CuB atom, which acts as ligand entry and release port. Diatomic gaseous ligands with a dipole moment, such
Shaojuan Song et al.
Yi chuan = Hereditas, 36(12), 1261-1268 (2014-12-10)
Copper plays critical roles in biological system; however, it is toxic in excess. To identify novel genes involved in copper metabolism, we performed a whole genome-wide genetic screen in C. elegans model organism to search for mutants which are resistant
Zinc and copper toxicity in host defense against pathogens: Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a model example of an emerging paradigm.
Olivier Neyrolles et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 3, 89-89 (2013-12-19)
Luan Zhang et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 104, 278-284 (2014-04-15)
In the current study, we hypothesize that mine (metallicolous) populations of metallophytes form a trade-off between the roots and shoots when under copper (Cu) stress to adapt themselves to heavy metal contaminated habitats, and thus, differ from normal (non-metallicolous) populations
A Di Veroli et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 9-17 (2014-07-23)
Mouthpart deformities of Chironomus riparius larvae (Diptera) have been investigated to evaluate the toxic effects of contamination by heavy metals in the Genna Stream (Central Italy), situated in an area subjected to intensive swine farms (40000 heads). The livestock farming
Jonas Duus Stevens Lekfeldt et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 194, 78-85 (2014-08-06)
Copper (Cu) is known to accumulate in agricultural soils receiving urban waste products as fertilizers. We here report the use of the leucine incorporation technique to determine pollution-induced community tolerance (Leu-PICT) to Cu in a long-term agricultural field trial. A
Giuseppe Inesi et al.
The Biochemical journal, 463(2), 167-176 (2014-09-23)
Copper ATPases, in analogy with other members of the P-ATPase superfamily, contain a catalytic headpiece including an aspartate residue reacting with ATP to form a phosphoenzyme intermediate, and transmembrane helices containing cation-binding sites [TMBS (transmembrane metal-binding sites)] for catalytic activation
Economic geology. Seafloor mining plan advances, worrying critics.
Carolyn Gramling
Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6183), 463-463 (2014-05-03)
Sonia Melino et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(3), 657-672 (2013-11-14)
Natural antimicrobial peptides represent a primordial mechanism of immunity in both vertebrate and nonvertebrate organisms. Among them, histatins belong to a family of human salivary metal-binding peptides displaying potent antibacterial, antifungal and wound-healing activities. These properties, along with the ability
Norbert Ondo Zue Abaga et al.
Chemosphere, 113, 42-47 (2014-07-30)
In Burkina-Faso, urban vegetable agriculture is often characterized by urban solid waste fertilizer inputs containing heavy metals such as Cu and Cd. Thus, the relevance of surrounding urban vegetable plots with vetiver hedges to reduce environmental pollution by Cu and
M Tajuddin Sikder et al.
Water environment research : a research publication of the Water Environment Federation, 86(4), 296-304 (2014-05-24)
Beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) cross-linked with epichlorohydrin to form water insoluble beta-cyclodextrin polymer (beta-CDP) has been shown to be an effective sorbent for sorption of organic particles, but the sorption of copper (Cu2+) in aqueous solutions by beta-CDP has not been conducted.
Quanying Wang et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(1), 4121-4121 (2014-11-20)
Accumulations of copper in orchard soils and fruit trees due to the application of Cu-based fungicides have become research hotspots. However, information about the sampling strategies, which can affect the accuracy of the following research results, is lacking. This study
Rupert Purchase
Science progress, 96(Pt 3), 213-223 (2013-11-20)
Wilson's disease (hepatolenticular degeneration) is a rare inherited autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism leading to copper accumulation in the liver and extrahepatic organs such as the brain and cornea. Patients may present with combinations of hepatic, neurological and psychiatric
Ana Primo et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8561-8561 (2015-10-29)
Metal oxide nanoparticles supported on graphene exhibit high catalytic activity for oxidation, reduction and coupling reactions. Here we show that pyrolysis at 900 °C under inert atmosphere of copper(II) nitrate embedded in chitosan films affords 1.1.1 facet-oriented copper nanoplatelets supported
Jing Zheng et al.
Organic letters, 16(13), 3560-3563 (2014-06-25)
A Rh(III)-catalyzed selective coupling of N-methoxy-1H-indole-1-carboxamide and aryl boronic acids is reported. The coupling is mild and efficient toward diverse product formation, with selective C-C and C-C/C-N bond formation. Kinetic isotope effects studies were conducted to reveal a mechanism of
A Cristina S Rocha et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 109, 152-160 (2014-09-07)
Metals are known to induce oxidative stress in plant cells. Antioxidant thiolic compounds are known to play an important role in plants׳ defence mechanisms against metal toxicity but, regarding salt marsh plants, their role is still very poorly understood. In
Wei-Dan Jiang et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 155, 301-313 (2014-08-05)
The brain is the center of the nervous system in all vertebrates, and homeostasis of the brain is crucial for fish survival. Copper (Cu) is essential for normal cellular processes in most eukaryotic organisms but is toxic in excess. Although
Ewa Sitkiewicz et al.
Journal of molecular biology, 426(15), 2871-2885 (2014-05-27)
Oligomers formed by amyloid β (Aβ) peptide are widely believed to be the main neurotoxic agent in Alzheimer's disease. Studies discovered a broad variety of oligomeric forms, which display different levels of toxicity. Some of these forms may further assemble
Huma Khalid et al.
Mini reviews in medicinal chemistry, 13(13), 1944-1956 (2013-09-28)
Free radicals or reactive oxygen species (ROS) are highly toxic and their damaging effects result in a variety of detrimental health issues such as neurodegenerative, cardiovascular and age-related diseases. Human body has evolved an effective defense system including superoxide dismutase
Donita C Brady et al.
Nature, 509(7501), 492-496 (2014-04-11)
The BRAF kinase is mutated, typically Val 600→Glu (V600E), to induce an active oncogenic state in a large fraction of melanomas, thyroid cancers, hairy cell leukaemias and, to a smaller extent, a wide spectrum of other cancers. BRAF(V600E) phosphorylates and
Hiroki Serizawa et al.
Organic letters, 16(13), 3456-3459 (2014-06-14)
The direct synthesis of pentafluoroethyl copper (CuC2F5) from a cuprate reagent and ethyl pentafluoropropionate as one of the most economical and useful pentafluoroethyl sources was accomplished. The advantages of this method are; all the reagents employed are low-cost and operationally
Xiaolei Cao et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1956-1961 (2014-06-25)
In this study, anaerobic granular sludge with sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) was applied to treat Cu2+-, SO4(2-) -containing wastewater in an expanded granular sludge bed reactor. The migration and enrichment of copper in anaerobic granular sludge were envaluated. By analysing the
Tao Zhang et al.
Chemosphere, 109, 1-6 (2014-05-31)
The development of more selective chelators for the washing of heavy metal contaminated soil is desirable in order to avoid excessive dissolution of soil minerals. Speciation and mobility of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ni in a contaminated soil washed with
Fabio Perlatti et al.
The Science of the total environment, 500-501, 91-102 (2014-09-14)
The potentially hazardous effects of rock wastes disposed at open pit in three different areas (Pr: Ore processing; Wr: Waste rock and Bd: Border) of an abandoned copper mine were evaluated in this study, with emphasis on acid drainage generation
David L Choveaux et al.
Experimental parasitology, 148, 30-39 (2014-12-03)
Copper is an essential micronutrient for all living organisms as an important catalytic co-factor for key enzymes. In higher eukaryotes intracellular copper is distributed by copper metallochaperones. Copper chelators such as neocuproine and tetrathiomolybdate inhibit Plasmodium falciparum erythrocytic development, indicating
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