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Frank Jansen et al.
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry, 61(6), 646-654 (2014-03-01)
The plant polymer lignin is the greatest source of aromatic chemical structures on earth. Hence, the chemically diverse lignin monomers are valuable raw materials for fine chemicals, materials synthesis, and food and flavor industries. However, extensive use of this natural
Lutz Tautz et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 1053, 179-221 (2013-07-19)
Protein tyrosine phosphorylation is a key regulatory mechanism in eukaryotic cell physiology. Aberrant expression or function of protein tyrosine kinases and protein tyrosine phosphatases can lead to serious human diseases, including cancer, diabetes, as well as cardiovascular, infectious, autoimmune, and
J S Yokhana et al.
Poultry science, 95(3), 550-559 (2015-11-18)
Two experiments were conducted to study effects of dietary insoluble fiber (IF) on digestive enzyme function in layer poultry. In Experiment 1, 8 wk old pullets were fed a control diet (Group C) or a diet (Group IF) supplemented with
Griet Van Zeebroeck et al.
Nature chemical biology, 5(1), 45-52 (2008-12-09)
Transporter-related nutrient sensors, called transceptors, mediate nutrient activation of signaling pathways through the plasma membrane. The mechanism of action of transporting and nontransporting transceptors is unknown. We have screened 319 amino acid analogs to identify compounds that act on Gap1
Elena Brezina et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(17), 10449-10456 (2015-08-25)
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a worldwide used antiepileptic drug, which is metabolized to a large extent in the human body to several metabolites, including 10,11-dihydroxy-10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine (DiOHCBZ), 2-hydroxycarbamazepine (2OHCBZ), and 3-hydroxycarbamazepine (3OHCBZ). 2OHCBZ and 3OHCBZ were previously detected in raw and treated
Effect of insoluble fiber supplementation applied at different ages on digestive organ weight and digestive enzymes of layer-strain poultry
J. S. Yokhana
Poultry Science, 95(3), 550-559 (2016)
Liran Baram et al.
Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology, 29(12), 1976-1984 (2014-08-06)
Crohn's disease (CD) is characterized by loss of tolerance to intestinal microorganisms. This is reflected by serological responses to fungal glycans such as mannan and β-glucans. Fungal glycans have various effects on immune cells. However, the evidence for their effects
Ricardo Marchante et al.
Molecular cell, 50(5), 675-685 (2013-06-12)
Prions are propagated in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with remarkable efficiency, yet we know little about the structural basis of sequence variations in the prion protein that support or prohibit propagation of the prion conformation. We show that certain single-amino-acid substitutions in
Jinrang Kim et al.
Cell metabolism, 25(6), 1348-1361 (2017-06-08)
Glucagon supports glucose homeostasis by stimulating hepatic gluconeogenesis, in part by promoting the uptake and conversion of amino acids into gluconeogenic precursors. Genetic disruption or pharmacologic inhibition of glucagon signaling results in elevated plasma amino acids and compensatory glucagon hypersecretion involving
Valerio Leoni et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 42(2), 186-191 (2004-04-06)
24S-Hydroxycholesterol (24OHC) and 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) are two structurally similar oxysterols of different origins--the former almost exclusively formed in the brain and the latter formed to a lesser extent in the brain than in most other organs. HYPOTHESIS TO BE TESTED:
Juan Du et al.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 108(3), 695-701 (2015-07-15)
A yellowish colored, Gram-staining negative, strictly aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated THG-SQE7(T), was isolated from reed pond water in Shangqiu, PR China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain THG-SQE7(T) is most closely related to Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava ATCC
Weirong Wang et al.
Experimental cell research, 319(10), 1523-1533 (2013-04-23)
The ligand-activated transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) participates in the regulation of cellular inflammation. More recent studies indicated that sirtuin1 (SIRT1), a NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase, regulates the inflammatory response in adipocytes. However, whether the role of PPARα in inflammation is
Karen Timberlake
Chemistry, An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (2016)
John W Hill
Chemistry for Changing Times (2016)
Monika Gibis et al.
Journal of food science, 80(11), C2430-C2439 (2015-10-08)
The impact of precursors such as creatine, creatinine, and glucose on the formation of mutagenic/carcinogenic heterocyclic amines (HAs) were studied in patties of 9 different animal species equally heat treated with a double-plate contact grill. All grilled patties of the
Young Chul Kim et al.
Journal of veterinary science, 16(2), 135-143 (2015-02-04)
Tea contains polyphenols and is one of the most popular beverages consumed worldwide. Because most tyrosinase inhibitors that regulate melanogenesis are phenol/catechol derivatives, this study investigated the inhibitory effects of Camellia sinensis water extracts (CSWEs), including black tea, green tea
Kevin M Cheung et al.
ACS sensors, 4(12), 3308-3317 (2019-10-22)
Determination of the amino acid phenylalanine is important for lifelong disease management in patients with phenylketonuria, a genetic disorder in which phenylalanine accumulates and persists at levels that alter brain development and cause permanent neurological damage and cognitive dysfunction. Recent
Vincent Dunet et al.
Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 53(2), 207-214 (2012-02-04)
For the past decade, PET with (18)F-fluoro-ethyl-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) has been used in the evaluation of patients with primary brain tumors (PBTs), but so far series have reported only a limited number of patients. The purpose of this systematic review and
S-nitrosoglutathione inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase upregulation by redox posttranslational modification in experimental diabetic retinopathy.
Rosales MA, Silva KC, Duarte DA, et al.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 55(5), 2921-2932 (2014)
Shoko Suzumura et al.
Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 61(5), 417-421 (2015-12-08)
Brain protein synthesis and the plasma concentration of growth hormone (GH) are sensitive to dietary ornithine. The purpose of this study was to determine whether dietary arginine, the metabolite of ornithine, affects the brain protein synthesis, and to that end
Aleksander Salwiński et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(18), 1957-1963 (2014-08-19)
Tyrosinase-coupled magnetic particles (EMPs) were used to demonstrate that resorcinol-containing tyrosinase inhibitors are oxidised by tyrosinase only in the presence of the enzyme's classic substrate. This shows the potential for the application of EMPs as a non-organic matrix for monitoring
Joanna Czarnecka et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 822(1-2), 85-90 (2005-07-05)
New method of qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), based on the combination of extraction of purines and pyrimidines to the solid phase (SPE) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), was proposed. Use of SPE and
Hin-Ting Wan et al.
Endocrinology, 155(1), 249-262 (2013-10-31)
Environmental toxicants such as perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) have been implicated in male reproductive dysfunction, including reduced sperm count and semen quality, in humans. However, the underlying mechanism(s) remains unknown. Herein PFOS at 10-20 μM (∼5-10 μg/mL) was found to be more
Abhishek Tripathi et al.
Biochemistry, 52(24), 4184-4192 (2013-05-24)
Extracellular ubiquitin has recently been described as a CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) 4 agonist. Studies on the structure-function relationship suggested that the C-terminus of ubiquitin facilitates CXCR4 activation. It remains unknown, however, whether C-terminal processing of ubiquitin could be biologically
B A Shaywitz et al.
Neurology, 25(1), 72-79 (1975-01-01)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), homovanillic acid (HVA) and probenecid were examined in 14 children with epilepsy (ages 6 months to 17 years) and 17 controls (ages 14 months to 16 years). The concentrations of amine metabolites
M A Lovell et al.
Archives of neurology, 58(3), 392-396 (2001-03-20)
Markers of oxidative stress are increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), although none of those reported are appropriate diagnostic markers because of the overlap between patients with AD and control subjects. To determine the ratio
Sten M Wie et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(15), 10900-10908 (2014-02-27)
Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer can result in extensive damage to normal adjacent tissues such as the salivary gland and oral mucosa. We have shown previously that tyrosine phosphorylation at Tyr-64 and Tyr-155 activates PKCδ in response to
Graziano Colombo et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1850(1), 1-12 (2014-10-05)
Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) are dityrosine cross-linked and carbonyl-containing protein products formed by the reaction of plasma proteins with chlorinated oxidants, such as hypochlorous acid (HOCl). Most studies consider human serum albumin (HSA) as the main protein responsible for
Ritesh Kumar et al.
Biochemistry, 53(13), 2112-2125 (2014-03-15)
Hemophores from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (HasAp), Serratia marcescens (HasAsm), and Yersinia pestis (HasAyp) bind hemin between two loops. One of the loops harbors conserved axial ligand Tyr75 (Y75 loop) in all three structures, whereas the second loop (H32 loop) contains axial
Kiran Kumar Solingapuram Sai et al.
Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 54(7), 1120-1126 (2013-05-08)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the (18)F-labeled nonnatural amino acid (S)-2-amino-3-[1-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazol-4-yl]propanoic acid ((18)F-AFETP) as a PET imaging agent for brain tumors and to compare its effectiveness with the more-established tracers O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) and (18)F-FDG in a murine
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