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Elizabeth Mathew et al.
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 775, 345-369 (2013-02-09)
This study has compared the actions of the sulfur-containing compounds taurine (TAU) and thiotaurine (TTAU) with those of insulin (INS) on the oxidative stress that develops in the aorta and heart as a result of diabetes. Diabetes was induced in
Fatma E Agha et al.
Renal failure, 36(5), 704-716 (2014-03-04)
The study was aimed to estimate whether pre-treatment with sodium selenite or taurine would reverse kidney damage induced by intraperitoneal injection of mercuric chloride in rats. Animals were divided into six groups: (1) control group; (2) sodium selenite group; (3)
María V Correa et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(9), 1819-1830 (2013-12-12)
Emerging evidence supports a key role for endothelin-1 (ET-1) and the transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in angiotensin II (Ang II) action. We aim to determine the potential role played by endogenous ET-1, EGFR transactivation and redox-dependent
C De la Puerta et al.
Nutricion hospitalaria, 25(6), 910-919 (2011-04-27)
Taurine has probed to be involved in a wide range of biological processes and to provide several different important health benefits. Its effects have been revealed to be exerted mainly through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, among other mechanisms. The
Kenji Hashimoto et al.
Archives of general psychiatry, 60(6), 572-576 (2003-06-11)
The hypofunction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptors has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Several lines of evidence suggest that D-serine may function as an endogenous agonist of the glycine site of the NMDA receptor. The
Yoshihiko Terashima et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 555-556, 55-65 (2014-05-27)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the commonest form of chronic liver disease in developed countries. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which represents advanced stage NAFLD, is increasingly being recognized as a major cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality. However, no effective
Takaaki Miyake et al.
International journal of oncology, 47(1), 315-324 (2015-05-06)
Although progress has been made in chemotherapeutic strategies against pancreatic cancer, overall survival has not significantly improved over the past decade. Thus, the development of better therapeutic regimens remains a high priority. Pancreatic cancer cell lines were treated with tamoxifen
A González-Quevedo et al.
Revista cubana de medicina tropical, 50 Suppl, 241-244 (1999-06-01)
It was studied the amino acids pattern in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of 12 and 8 patients, respectively, suffering from optic epidemic neuropathy diagnosed between 1995 and 1997 (endemic period). The cerebrospinal fluid of 16 patients diagnosed during the epidemic
Matthew C Henn et al.
Journal of the American Heart Association, 4(8), e002016-e002016 (2015-08-26)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers provide cardioprotection in multiple models. Ion flux at an unidentified mitochondrial K(ATP) channel has been proposed as the mechanism. The renal outer medullary kidney potassium channel subunit, potassium inward rectifying (Kir)1.1, has been implicated as
Joanna Czarnecka et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 822(1-2), 85-90 (2005-07-05)
New method of qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), based on the combination of extraction of purines and pyrimidines to the solid phase (SPE) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), was proposed. Use of SPE and
Kazuki Miyaji et al.
Journal of applied animal welfare science : JAAWS, 18(4), 355-362 (2015-02-14)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet on the feline stress response by measuring plasma and urinary cortisol. A study diet was developed with a unique combination of nutrients that supports the management of stressful
Atcharaporn Thaeomor et al.
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 775, 437-448 (2013-02-09)
In adult rats, perinatal taurine depletion followed by high sugar intake alters neural and renal control of arterial pressure via the renin-angiotensin system. This study tests the hypothesis that perinatal taurine supplementation predisposes adult female rats to the adverse arterial
Naama H Sleiman et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 81, 34-45 (2015-02-03)
The junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (jSR) is an important and unique ER subdomain in the adult myocyte that concentrates resident proteins to regulate Ca(2+) release. To investigate cellular mechanisms for sorting and trafficking proteins to jSR, we overexpressed canine forms of
Valentin M Sluch et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16595-16595 (2015-11-14)
Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) injury and cell death from glaucoma and other forms of optic nerve disease is a major cause of irreversible vision loss and blindness. Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived RGCs could provide a source of cells for
Sara S Marques et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 114, 305-311 (2015-06-22)
The current therapeutic strategies are based on the design of multifunctional drug candidates able to interact with various disease related targets. Drugs that have the ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS), beyond their main therapeutic action, may prevent the
Roshil Budhram et al.
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 775, 321-343 (2013-02-09)
In this study, the actions of taurine (TAU), a sulfonate, and thiotaurine (TTAU), a thiosulfonate, on diabetes-mediated biochemical alterations in red blood cells (RBCs) and plasma and on the RBC membrane, morphology and spectrin distribution were examined in rats. Diabetes
Michael Lever et al.
Cardiovascular drugs and therapy, 28(5), 459-468 (2014-07-26)
Betaine deficiency is a probable cardiovascular risk factor and a cause of elevated homocysteine. Urinary betaine excretion is increased by fibrate treatment, and is also often elevated in diabetes. Does fibrate further increase betaine excretion in diabetes, and does it
Adriana Buskin et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 4234-4234 (2018-10-14)
Mutations in pre-mRNA processing factors (PRPFs) cause autosomal-dominant retinitis pigmentosa (RP), but it is unclear why mutations in ubiquitously expressed genes cause non-syndromic retinal disease. Here, we generate transcriptome profiles from RP11 (PRPF31-mutated) patient-derived retinal organoids and retinal pigment epithelium
Griet Van Zeebroeck et al.
Nature chemical biology, 5(1), 45-52 (2008-12-09)
Transporter-related nutrient sensors, called transceptors, mediate nutrient activation of signaling pathways through the plasma membrane. The mechanism of action of transporting and nontransporting transceptors is unknown. We have screened 319 amino acid analogs to identify compounds that act on Gap1
Doris M Jacobs et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 404(8), 2349-2361 (2012-08-31)
NMR-based metabolite profiling of urine is a fast and reproducible method for detection of numerous metabolites with diverse chemical properties. However, signal overlap in the (1)H NMR profiles of human urine may hamper quantification and identification of metabolites. Therefore, a
Abdeslem El Idrissi et al.
Amino acids, 45(4), 735-750 (2013-08-22)
Aging of the brain is characterized by several neurochemical modifications involving structural proteins, neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and related receptors. Alterations of neurochemical indices of synaptic function are indicators of age-related impairment of central functions, such as locomotion, memory and sensory performances.
Jee Wook Kim et al.
Journal of Korean medical science, 28(2), 181-189 (2013-02-13)
Alcoholism is becoming one of the most serious issues in Korea. The purpose of this review article was to understand the present status of the treatment system for alcoholism in Korea compared to the United States and to suggest its
Hai-Bo Ye et al.
The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques, 40(5), 628-634 (2013-08-24)
Taurine appears to exert potent protections against glutamate (Glu)-induced injury to neurons, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. The possibly protected targets consist of the plasma membrane and the mitochondrial as well as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes.
A Moser et al.
Journal of the neurological sciences, 131(2), 183-189 (1995-08-01)
We could identify the MPTP-like compound and isoquinoline derivative N-methyl-norsalsolinol (2-MDTIQ) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Parkinson's disease. The presence of 2-MDTIQ negatively correlated with the disease duration. In order to study the relationship between presence of 2-MDTIQ
Kai Jiang et al.
Magnetic resonance in medicine, 74(5), 1370-1379 (2014-11-20)
The aim of this study was to develop a rapid, multislice cardiac T1 mapping method in mice and to apply the method to quantify manganese (Mn(2+)) uptake in a mouse model with altered Ca(2+) channel activity. An electrocardiography-triggered multislice saturation-recovery
Renu Agarwal et al.
Experimental eye research, 110, 35-43 (2013-02-23)
Cataract, a leading cause of blindness, is characterized by lenticular opacities resulting from denaturation of lens proteins due to activation of calcium-dependent enzyme, calpain. Magnesium (Mg(2+)) plays an important role not only in maintaining a low lenticular calcium (Ca(2+)) and
E J Pappert et al.
Neurology, 47(4), 1037-1042 (1996-10-01)
To determine if ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (vCSF) alpha-tocopherol levels in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients can be increased by oral alpha-tocopherol supplementation and whether vCSF levels are linearly related to plasma alpha-tocopherol levels. In spite of its putative neuroprotective properties, alpha-tocopherol
Cornea organoids from human induced pluripotent stem cells
Foster JW, et al.
Scientific reports, 7 (2017)
M Desforges et al.
Cell death & disease, 4, e559-e559 (2013-03-23)
The outer epithelial cell layer of human placenta, the syncytiotrophoblast, is a specialised terminally differentiated multinucleate tissue. It is generated and renewed from underlying cytotrophoblast cells that undergo proliferation, differentiation and fusion with syncytiotrophoblast. Acquisition of fresh cellular components is
Maria Georgiou et al.
PloS one, 15(6), e0233860-e0233860 (2020-06-02)
The generation of laminated and light responsive retinal organoids from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provides a powerful tool for the study of retinal diseases and drug discovery and a robust platform for cell-based therapies. The aim of this study
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