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Base-resolution stratification of cancer mutations using functional variomics.

Nature protocols (2017-10-06)
Song Yi, Ning-Ning Liu, Limei Hu, Hui Wang, Nidhi Sahni
ABSTRACT

A complete understanding of human cancer variants requires new methods to systematically and efficiently assess the functional effects of genomic mutations at a large scale. Here, we describe a set of tools to rapidly clone and stratify thousands of cancer mutations at base resolution. This protocol provides a massively parallel pipeline to achieve high stringency and throughput. The approach includes high-throughput generation of mutant clones by Gateway, confirmation of variant identity by barcoding and next-generation sequencing, and stratification of cancer variants by multiplexed interaction profiling. Compared with alternative site-directed mutagenesis methods, our protocol requires less sequencing effort and enables robust statistical calling of allele-specific effects. To ensure the precision of variant interaction profiling, we further describe two complementary methods-a high-throughput enhanced yeast two-hybrid (HT-eY2H) assay and a mammalian-cell-based Gaussia princeps luciferase protein-fragment complementation assay (GPCA). These independent assays with standard controls validate mutational interaction profiles with high quality. This protocol provides experimentally derived guidelines for classifying candidate cancer alleles emerging from whole-genome or whole-exome sequencing projects as 'drivers' or 'passengers'. For ∼100 genomic mutations, the protocol-including target primer design, variant library construction, and sequence verification-can be completed within as little as 2-3 weeks, and cancer variant stratification can be completed within 2 weeks.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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