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Method for Multiplexing CRISPR/Cas9 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Using Artificial Target DNA Sequences.

Bio-protocol (2017-10-31)
Rachael M Giersch, Gregory C Finnigan
ABSTRACT

Genome manipulation has become more accessible given the advent of the CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) editing technology. The Cas9 endonuclease binds a single stranded (single guide) RNA (sgRNA) fragment that recruits the complex to a corresponding genomic target sequence where it induces a double stranded break. Eukaryotic repair systems allow for the introduction of exogenous DNA, repair of existing mutations, or deletion of endogenous gene products. Targeting of Cas9 to multiple genomic positions (termed 'multiplexing') is achieved by the expression of multiple sgRNAs within the same nucleus. However, an ongoing concern of the CRISPR field has been the accidental targeting of Cas9 to alternative ('off-target') DNA locations within a genome. We describe the use (dubbed Multiplexing of Cas9 at Artificial Loci) of installed artificial Cas9 target sequences into the yeast genome that allow for (i) multiplexing with a single sgRNA; (ii) a reduction/elimination in possible off-target effects, and (iii) precise control of the placement of the intended target sequence(s).

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