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Pattern of patch test reactivity among patients with clinical diagnosis of contact dermatitis: a hospital-based study.

Annals of Saudi medicine (2012-06-19)
Adel Almogren, Zahid Shakoor, Mohammad Osman GadEl Rab, Mustafa Hussein Adam
摘要

Contact allergy is associated with a significant morbidity all over the world. This study was performed to investigate the pattern of sensitization by contact allergens in the local population. Retrospective study to investigate patch test reactivity among patients with clinical diagnosis of contact dermatitis who were referred to the allergy clinic at the King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, between April 2008 and March 2010. Of the 196 patients referred to the allergy clinic over the 2-year period, 91 (46.4%) patients reacted to one or more patch test allergens, and these patients were included in this study. The study group included 82 (91.1%) of Saudi nationality and 9 (8.9%) patients of other nationalities. The patch test was performed using the T.R.U.E TEST, containing 24 allergens/allergen mixes. Of the 91 cases who reacted positively to one or more allergens, 67 (73.6%) were females with a mean age of 37 (8.3 years) and 24 (26.4%) were males with a mean age of 34 (11.6 years). Thirty-three (36.2%) patients reacted to nickel sulfate, 14 (15.3%) to p-phenylenediamine, 13 (14.2%) to p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde resin, 13 (14.2%) to thimerosal, and 9 (9.8%) to colophony. Reactivity against the rest of the allergens was not remarkable. A significantly higher percentage of females reacted to nickel sulfate (84.8% vs 15.2% in males;P=.0001), p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde resin (92.3% vs 7.7%; P=.0001), and thimerosal (76.9% vs 23.1%;P=.03). Patch test reactivity to nickel sulfate was high. The pattern of contact allergy observed in this study indicates the need for large-scale investigations to identify local allergens responsible for contact allergy and for formulation of policies directed towards avoidance of exposure.

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Sigma-Aldrich
硫酸镍(II) 六水合物, ACS reagent, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
硫酸镍(II), anhydrous, 99.99% trace metals basis
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硫酸镍(II) 六水合物, ReagentPlus®, powder or crystals
Supelco
硫酸镍(II) 六水合物, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
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硫酸镍(II) 七水合物, purum p.a., crystallized, ≥99.0% (KT)
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硫酸镍(II) 七水合物, 99.999% trace metals basis
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硫酸镍(II)六水合物 七水合物, for nickel plating, DIN 50970 H, ≥20.6% Ni and Co basis
Sigma-Aldrich
硫酸镍(II) 六水合物, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, 99-102.0%