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  • Synthesis, structures and reactivity of lanthanoid(II) formamidinates of varying steric bulk.

Synthesis, structures and reactivity of lanthanoid(II) formamidinates of varying steric bulk.

Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2012-12-04)
Marcus L Cole, Glen B Deacon, Craig M Forsyth, Peter C Junk, Kristina Konstas, Jun Wang, Henry Bittig, Daniel Werner
摘要

New reactive, divalent lanthanoid formamidinates [Yb(Form)(2)(thf)(2)] (Form=[RNCHNR]; R=o-MeC(6)H(4) (o-TolForm; 1), 2,6-Me(2)C(6)H(3) (XylForm; 2), 2,4,6-Me(3)C(6)H(2) (MesForm; 3), 2,6-Et(2)C(6)H(3) (EtForm; 4), o-PhC(6)H(4) (o-PhPhForm; 5), 2,6-iPr(2)C(6)H(3) (DippForm; 6), o-HC(6)F(4) (TFForm; 7)) and [Eu(DippForm)(2)(thf)(2)] (8) have been prepared by redox transmetallation/protolysis reactions between an excess of a lanthanoid metal, Hg(C(6)F(5))(2) and the corresponding formamidine (HForm). X-ray crystal structures of 2-6 and 8 show them to be monomeric with six-coordinate lanthanoid atoms, chelating N,N'-Form ligands and cis-thf donors. However, [Yb(TFForm)(2)(thf)(2)] (7) crystallizes from THF as [Yb(TFForm)(2)(thf)(3)] (7a), in which ytterbium is seven coordinate and the thf ligands are "pseudo-meridional". Representative complexes undergo C-X (X=F, Cl, Br) activation reactions with perfluorodecalin, hexachloroethane or 1,2-dichloroethane, and 1-bromo-2,3,4,5-tetrafluorobenzene, giving [Yb(EtForm)(2)F](2) (9), [Yb(o-PhPhForm)(2)F](2) (10), [Yb(o-PhPhForm)(2)Cl(thf)(2)] (11), [Yb(DippForm)(2)Cl(thf)] (12) and [Yb(DippForm)(2)Br(thf)] (16). X-ray crystallography has shown 9 to be a six-coordinate, fluoride-bridged dimer, 12 and 16 to be six-coordinate monomers with the halide and thf ligands cis to each other, and 11 to have a seven-coordinate Yb atom with "pseudo-meridional" unidentate ligands and thf donors cis to each other. The analogous terbium compound [Tb(DippForm)(2)Cl(thf)(2)] (13), prepared by metathesis, has a similar structure to 11. C-Br activation also accompanies the redox transmetallation/protolysis reactions between La, Nd or Yb metals, Hg(2-BrC(6)F(4))(2), and HDippForm, yielding [Ln(DippForm)(2)Br(thf)] complexes (Ln=La (14), Nd (15), Yb (16)).

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