Merck

Impact of nZVI stability on mobility in porous media.

Journal of contaminant hydrology (2012-12-25)
Chris M Kocur, Denis M O'Carroll, Brent E Sleep
ABSTRACT

Nano-scale zero valent iron (nZVI) has received significant attention because of its potential to rapidly reduce a number of priority source zone contaminants. In order to effectively deliver nZVI to the source zone the nZVI particles must be stable. Previous laboratory studies have demonstrated the mobility of polymer modified suspensions of low concentration nZVI. More recently studies have shown potential for higher concentration nZVI suspensions to be transmitted through porous media. However, with increasing nZVI concentration aggregation is accelerated, reducing the available time for injection before nZVI settles. In this study the colloidal stability and mobility of nZVI concurrently synthesized and stabilized in the presence of carboxy-methyl-cellulose (CMC) are evaluated in one-dimensional column experiments. Low pore water velocity nZVI injections (4, 2, and 0.25 m/day) conducted over periods as long as 80 h with no mixing of the influent reservoir were used to investigate the effects of prolonged aggregation and settling of colloids on transport. A numerical simulator, based on colloid filtration theory, but accounting for particle aggregation and settling was used to evaluate the contributions of aggregation and settling on nZVI mobility. Results suggest that the prediction of nZVI sticking efficiency in column experiments becomes increasingly influenced by aggregation and settling in the influent reservoir as the period of injection increases. Consideration of nZVI stability is required for the prediction of nZVI mobility at the field scale and for the design of successful nZVI remediation plans.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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