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Synthesis of mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolite from mesoporous silica materials for methanol to light olefins.

Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology (2013-11-20)
Eun A Kang, Tae-Wan Kim, Ho-Jeong Chae, Min Kim, Kwang-Eun Jeong, Joo-Wan Kim, Chul-Ung Kim, Soon-Yong Jeong
ABSTRACT

Mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolites were synthesized by using as-prepared mesoporous silica material as both silica source and mesopore tailor. The mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolite materials thus obtained are characterized by a series of different techniques, including poweder X-ray diffraction pattern, nitrogen physisorption analysis, scanning electron micrograph, temperature programmed desorption of ammonia, and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. The resultant mesoporous SAPO-34 crystals exhibit sphere-like particle with zeolite layer units. The mesopore size distribution and particle size can be changed by amounts of silica source and water. The methanol-to-olefins (MTO) reactions using these mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolites are carried out with a fixed-bed reactor. Catalytic tests exhibit that the mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolite materials show high catalytic activity compared with the conventional SAPO-34 for MTO reaction. The better catalytic activity and longer life time of the mesoporous SAPO-34 catalysts in MTO are mainly due to the existence of the mesoporosity of SAPO-34 with small particle size.

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