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Influence of nanoparticle concentration on thermo-physical properties of CuO-propylene glycol nanofluids.

Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology (2014-04-18)
Kuppusamy Swaminathan Suganthi, Anju K Radhakrishnan, Natarajan Anusha, Kalpoondi Sekar Rajan
ABSTRACT

Experiments were performed on the preparation and characterization of CuO-propylene glycol nanofluids. The influence of nanoparticle concentration and temperature on nanofluid viscosity reveals existence of a range of nanoparticle concentration and temperature in which the viscosity of nanofluid is lower than that of propylene glycol, possibly due to interactions between nanoparticles and propylene glycol. A temperature-independent, thermal conductivity enhancement of 38% was obtained for nanoparticle concentration of 1.5 vol% over a temperature range of 10-60 degrees C. We believe that particle clustering contributes to the thermal conductivity enhancement in CuO-propylene glycol nanofluids.

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