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  • Low-valent ruthenium and iridium hydride complexes as alternatives to Lewis acid and base catalysts.

Low-valent ruthenium and iridium hydride complexes as alternatives to Lewis acid and base catalysts.

Accounts of chemical research (2000-04-25)
S Murahashi, H Takaya
摘要

The discovery of a new chemical reaction often leads to new applications and new chemical principles. Low-valent ruthenium and iridium hydride complexes are highly useful redox Lewis acid and base catalysts. Nitriles are activated by these catalysts and undergo reactions with either nucleophiles or electrophiles under neutral conditions. Hydration of nitriles, esterification of nitriles with alcohols, and amidation of nitriles with amines can be performed catalytically together with formation of ammonia. The catalytic reactions of pronucleophiles such as nitriles and carbonyl compounds with electrophiles such as alkenes, alkynes, carbonyl compounds, imines, and nitriles take place generally.

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Sigma-Aldrich
铱, powder, 99.9% trace metals basis
铱, foil, 0.025m coil, thickness 0.05mm, coil width .5mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, wire, straight, 100mm, diameter 0.5mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.15mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.25mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, foil, 0.05m coil, thickness 0.05mm, coil width .5mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, foil, 0.18m coil, thickness 0.05mm, coil width .5mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, foil, 0.1m coil, thickness 0.05mm, coil width .5mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.025mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, 99.9%
铱, microfoil, disks, 10mm, thinness 0.1μm, specific density 224μg/cm2, permanent mylar 3.5μm support, 99.9%
铱, microfoil, disks, 25mm, thinness 0.1μm, specific density 224μg/cm2, permanent mylar 3.5μm support, 99.9%
铱, rod, 25mm, diameter 2.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, rod, 25mm, diameter 3.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, rod, 50mm, diameter 2.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, rod, 50mm, diameter 3.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.025m, diameter 2.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 0.075mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 0.1mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 0.8mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 1.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 2.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.075mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.125mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.15mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.177mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.1mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.25mm, as drawn, 99.9%
铱, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.2mm, as drawn, 99.9%

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