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A review of technology and safety aspects of erbium lasers in dentistry.

Dental update (2001-08-31)
D M Clarkson
摘要

This article reviews aspects of the probable mechanisms used by erbium dental lasers for cutting dentine and enamel, describes key issues of the risk of temperature elevation and speed of cutting relative to conventional techniques and looks at issues concerned with the safety of lasers.

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Sigma-Aldrich
铒, ingot, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis
铒, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.005mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, not light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.025mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, rod, 100mm, diameter 10.0mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 100mm, diameter 6.35mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 50mm, diameter 10.0mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 50mm, diameter 2.0mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 50mm, diameter 6.35mm, cast, 99%
铒, wire reel, 100mm, diameter 1.0mm, hard, 99.9%
铒, wire reel, 50mm, diameter 1.0mm, hard, 99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
铒, foil, thickness 1 mm, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铒, powder, −40 mesh, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铒, chips, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis