Merck

Erbium:YAG cutaneous laser resurfacing.

Dermatologic clinics (2001-10-16)
T S Alster, J R Lupton
ABSTRACT

The short-pulsed Er:YAG laser system is an excellent ablative tool for cutaneous resurfacing. This system is most efficacious for patients with milder cutaneous involvement, including mild photoinduced facial rhytides, mildly atrophic scars, and textural changes caused by fibrosis and dermatochalasis. The Er:YAG laser cannot achieve the same dramatic clinical and histologic improvements produced with the CO2 laser but does offer some distinct advantages that make it a valuable addition to the laser surgeon's armamentarium. The Er:YAG laser, because of its higher affinity for water-containing tissues, effects a much finer level of tissue ablation. Although erbium laser resurfacing results in decreased postoperative morbidity with a shorter recovery period, it cannot effect the same degree of improvement in photodamaged skin as can the CO2 laser. Excellent results, however, can be achieved with this laser, up to 50% or more overall clinical improvement, in patients with milder photodamage and scarring (Glogau classes I and II). In darker-skinned patients, the Er:YAG laser is often the preferred treatment modality. Continued research in the field has already led to the development of longer-pulsed Er:YAG lasers, which offer a compromise between the CO2 laser and the short-pulsed Er:YAG lasers in terms of clinical benefits while maintaining the safety profile of the traditional short-pulsed system. In addition, many surgeons now use a combination approach with the CO2 and Er:YAG lasers in an effort to maximize collagen contraction in certain areas and limit postoperative morbidity. As more research is conducted within the field of cutaneous resurfacing, newer systems will be developed in the continuing effort to create the ideal laser system--one which ameliorates the signs of photoaging without risk of major side effects or significant postoperative recovery.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
铒, ingot, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis
铒, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.005mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, foil, not light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.025mm, as rolled, 99%
铒, rod, 100mm, diameter 10.0mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 100mm, diameter 6.35mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 50mm, diameter 10.0mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 50mm, diameter 2.0mm, cast, 99%
铒, rod, 50mm, diameter 6.35mm, cast, 99%
铒, wire reel, 100mm, diameter 1.0mm, hard, 99.9%
铒, wire reel, 50mm, diameter 1.0mm, hard, 99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
铒, foil, thickness 1 mm, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铒, powder, −40 mesh, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铒, chips, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis