impact of aluminum exposure on the immune system: a mini review.

Environmental toxicology and pharmacology (2013-01-01)
Y Z Zhu, D W Liu, Z Y Liu, Y F Li
摘要

Aluminum (Al) is widely used in daily life and will lead to environmental release and exposure. The toxicity of Al had been documented, and which attracted a growing concern on human and animal health. The immune system appears to be sensitive to Al exposure. But few studies focused on the potential immunological responses induced by Al. It is imperative to study the effects of Al on the immune function and this review discusses the effects of Al on autoimmunity, oral tolerance, expression of the immune cells, hypersensitivity and erythrocyte immune function. It will provide evidence to study the association between Al and immune function.

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Sigma-Aldrich
铝, foil, thickness 0.45-0.55 mm, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, foil, thickness 0.25 mm, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, wire, diam. 1.0 mm, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, ReagentPlus®, beads, 5-15 mm, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, granular, <1 mm, 99.7% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, wire, diam. 0.58 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, pellets, 3-12 mm, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, evaporation slug, diam. × L 6.3 mm × 6.3 mm, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, ≤30 μm, spherical powder, ≥99%
铝, rod, 100mm, diameter 12.7mm, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, ACS reagent, 99%, wire, wire diam. ~1.5 mm
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, sputtering target, diam. × thickness 3.00 in. × 0.125 in., 99.9995% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, foil, thickness 0.13 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铝, rod, diam. × L 3.0 mm × 100 mm, 99.999% trace metals basis
铝, IRMM®, certified reference material, 1.0 mm wire
铝, rod, 44mm, diameter 77.5mm, as drawn, 99.999%
铝, rod, 100mm, diameter 6.0mm, as drawn, 99.999%
铝, foam, 150x150mm, thickness 10mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 150x150mm, thickness 3.2mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, 16 pores/cm, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 150x150mm, thickness 30mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 150x150mm, thickness 6.35mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, 16 pores/cm, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 150x150mm, thickness 6.35mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, 2 pores/cm, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 150x150mm, thickness 6.35mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, 4 pores/cm, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 150x150mm, thickness 6.35mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, 8 pores/cm, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 300x400mm, thickness 6.35mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, foam, 33x140mm, thickness 20mm, bulk density 0.2g/cm3, porosity 0.93, aluminum 6101 grade, 98.5%
铝, honeycomb, 150x150mm, thickness 10mm, cell size 3.2mm, cell wall 0.025mm, core density 0g/cm3, phenolic adhesive (resin), 99.5%
铝, honeycomb, 150x150mm, thickness 52.3mm, cell size 6.3mm, cell wall 0.064mm, core density 0.083g/cm3, phenolic adhesive (resin), facing skin aluminum 0.55mm, 99.9%
铝, honeycomb, 300x300mm, thickness 10mm, cell size 3.2mm, cell wall 0.025mm, core density 0g/cm3, phenolic adhesive (resin), 99.5%
铝, honeycomb, 300x300mm, thickness 10mm, cell size 6.3mm, cell wall 0.064mm, core density 0.083g/cm3, phenolic adhesive (resin), 99.5%