Merck

S-Adenosylmethionine.

The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology (2000-04-13)
S C Lu
ABSTRACT

S-Adenosyl-Lmethionine (SAM) is an important molecule in normal cell function and survival. SAM is utilized by three key metabolic pathways: transmethylation; transsulfuration; and polyamine synthesis. In transmethylation reactions, the methyl group of SAM is donated to a large variety of acceptor substrates including DNA, phospholipids and proteins. Thus, interference of these reactions can affect a wide spectrum of processes ranging from gene expression to membrane fluidity. In transsulfuration, the sulfur atom of the SAM is converted via a series of enzymatic steps to cysteine, a precursor of taurine and glutathione, a major cellular anti-oxidant. Polyamines are required for normal cell growth. Given the importance of SAM in tissue function, it is not surprising that this molecule is being investigated as a possible therapeutic agent for the treatment of various clinical disorders.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
S-(5′-腺苷)-L-高半胱氨酸, crystalline