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Plasma total homocysteine and carotid intima-media thickness in type 1 diabetes: a prospective study.

Atherosclerosis (2014-07-27)
Arpita Basu, Alicia J Jenkins, Julie A Stoner, Suzanne R Thorpe, Richard L Klein, Maria F Lopes-Virella, W Timothy Garvey, Timothy J Lyons
ABSTRACT

Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) has been positively associated with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in non-diabetic populations and in a few cross-sectional studies of diabetic patients. We investigated cross-sectional and prospective associations of a single measure of tHcy with common and internal carotid IMT over a 6-year period in type 1 diabetes. tHcy levels were measured once, in plasma obtained in 1997-1999 from patients (n = 599) in the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study, the observational follow-up of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT). Common and internal carotid IMT were determined twice, in EDIC "Year 6" (1998-2000) and "Year 12" (2004-2006), using B-mode ultra-sonography. After adjustment, plasma tHcy [median (interquartile range): 6.2 (5.1, 7.5) μmol/L] was significantly correlated with age, diastolic blood pressure, renal dysfunction, and smoking (all p < 0.05). In an unadjusted model only, increasing quartiles of tHcy correlated with common and internal carotid IMT, again at both EDIC time-points (p < 0.01). However, multivariate logistic regression revealed no significant associations between increasing quartiles of tHcy and the 6-year change in common and internal carotid IMT (highest vs. lowest quintile) when adjusted for conventional risk factors. In a type 1 diabetes cohort from the EDIC study, plasma tHcy measured in samples drawn in 1997-1999 was associated with measures of common and internal carotid IMT measured both one and seven years later, but not with IMT progression between the two time-points. The data do not support routine measurement of tHcy in people with Type 1 diabetes.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
L-高半胱氨酸, ≥98.0% (NT)