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Comparative efficacy of tigecycline VERSUS vancomycin in an experimental model of soft tissue infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin.

Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) (2014-02-20)
Anastasia Antonopoulou, Thomas Tsaganos, Ira-Maria Tzepi, Helen Giamarellou, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis
ABSTRACT

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is highly virulent. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of tigecycline versus vancomycin in experimental thigh abscess by a PVL-producing MRSA isolate. One hundred and ninety-six Wistar rats were divided into five groups: group A, controls; groups B and C, administered vancomycin starting 1 and 6 h after bacterial challenge respectively; groups D and E, administered tigecycline starting 1 and 6 h after bacterial challenge respectively. Treatment was continued every 12 hours for three consecutive days. Survival was recorded; separate animals were killed for quantitative cultures. Serum samples were collected for estimation of malondialdehyde (MDA). Survival of group D was prolonged compared to all other groups. The bacterial load of blood, liver, spleen and lung was significantly decreased within group D compared to group B at 36 hours. Treatment with tigecycline was accompanied by significant reduction of serum MDA at 24 hours. Tigecycline is comparable to vancomycin for the treatment of soft tissue infections by PVL-producing MRSA.

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