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Reduction of concentrated nitrate by using in situ synthesized zero-valent copper.

Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research (2015-09-12)
Tihitinna Asmellash Belay, F M Lin, C Y Lin, H M Hsiao, M F Chang, J C Liu
ABSTRACT

Although zero-valent iron represents a promising approach for reduction of nitrate (NO(3)(-)) in water, its application in concentrated nitrate is limited by surface passivation. In this study, an alternative approach using in situ synthesized zero-valent copper (Cu(0)) produced by borohydride (NaBH(4)) was investigated. Complete reduction was observed within 55 min by reacting 677 mg-N/L of NO(3)(-) with CuO (0.312 g/L) and NaBH(4) (4.16 g/L) at 60 °C. The pseudo-first-order rate constant was 0.059 min(-1), and it increased threefold when the CuO dose was increased to 1.24 g/L. Increasing the NaBH(4) dose produced less nitrite (NO(2)(-)) throughout the experiments, indicating that it is the primary agent for reducing NO(2)(-). The initial pH exerted a significant effect on the reaction rate, and NO(3)(-) was rapidly reduced when the initial pH was less than 4. Based on the research findings, possible reaction pathways for NO(3)(-) reduction by Cu(0) are proposed in this work.

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