What Does it Cover?
Drug toxicity remains a major issue in drug discovery and stresses the need for better predictive models. Here, we describe the development of a perfused renal proximal tubule cell (RPTC) model in Mimetas’ OrganoPlates® to predict kidney toxicity1,2. The OrganoPlate® is a microfluidic platform, which enables high-throughput culture of boundary tissues in miniaturized organ models3. In OrganoPlates®, extracellular matrix (ECM) gels can be freely patterned in microchambers through the use of PhaseGuide technology. PhaseGuides (capillary pressure barriers) define channels within microchambers that can be used for ECM deposition or medium perfusion. The microfluidic channel dimensions not only allow solid tissue and barrier formation, but also perfused tubular epithelial vessel structures can be grown. The goal of developing a perfused RPTC model is to reconstruct viable and leak-tight boundaries for performing cytotoxicity, as well as transport and efficacy studies.
Human RPTC (SA7K clone, Sigma) were grown against an ECM in a 3channel OrganoPlate®, yielding access to both the apical and basal side. Confocal imaging revealed that the cells formed a tubular structure. Staining showed tight junction formations (ZO-1), cilia pointing into the lumen (acetylated tubulin) and correct polarization with microvilli on the apical side of the tubule (ezrin). Tightness of the boundary over several days was shown by diffusion of a dextran dye added to the lumen of the tubule. Addition of toxic compounds resulted in disruption of the barrier which could be monitored in time. The time point of loss of integrity corresponds with the concentration and the toxic effect of the compound.
Furthermore, fluorescent transport assays showed functional transport activity of in- and efflux transporters. The 3D proximal tubules cultured in the OrganoPlate® are suitable for high-throughput toxicity screening, trans-epithelial transport studies, and complex co-culture models to recreate an in vivo-like microenvironment.
 M.J. Wilmer, C.P. Ng, H.L. Lanz, P. Vulto, L. Suter-Dick, and R. Masereeuw. “Kidney-on-a-Chip technology for drug-induced nephrotoxicity screening.,” Trends Biotechnol, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 156-170, Feb. 2016.
 S.J. Trietsch, E. Naumovska, D. Kurek, M.C. Setyawati, M.K. Vormann, K.J. Wilschut, H.L. Lanz, A. Nicolas, C.P. Ng, J. Joore, S. Kustermann, A. Roth, T. Hankemeier, A. Moisan, and P. Vulto. “Membrane-free culture and real-time barrier integrity assessment of perfused intestinal epithelium tubes.,” Nat Commun, vol 8, no. 1, pp. 262, Aug 2017.
 S. J. Trietsch, G. D. Israëls, J. Joore, T. Hankemeier, and P. Vulto, “Microfluidic titer plate for stratified 3D cell culture.,” Lab Chip, vol. 13, no. 18, pp. 3548–54, Sep. 2013.
To learn more information, visit Kidney Drug Transporter/Toxicity Models and Mimetas Products
What Will You Learn?
Who Should Attend?
Director Model Development
Henriette Lanz is Director Model development at Mimetas. She has received her PhD in Molecular Biology from Leiden University in 2012, and masters in Life Science Technologies. She worked on cancer-selective target discovery at Leiden University and secondary metabolite production at Explant Technologies and Prisna. In her current role at Mimetas she supervises the biological R&D team of senior and junior scientists and technicians, alongside PhD and MSc students. The specific focus of her research activities at Mimetas are the development of organotypic models for drug screening and toxicity evaluation within the fields of kidney, vasculature and cancer.
Cell culture and cell culture analysis