103276

Sigma-Aldrich

Harmane

98%

Synonym(s):
2-Methyl-β-carboline, 1-Methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole, Aribine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C12H10N2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
182.22
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
143898
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

98%

drug control

stupéfiant (France)

mp

235-238 °C (lit.)

solubility

methanol: soluble 50mg/ml

SMILES string

Cc1nccc2c3ccccc3[nH]c12

InChI

1S/C12H10N2/c1-8-12-10(6-7-13-8)9-4-2-3-5-11(9)14-12/h2-7,14H,1H3

InChI key

PSFDQSOCUJVVGF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP2D6(1565)
rat ... Gabra2(29706)

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

  • Harmane is a potent tremor-producing β-carboline alkaloid and neurotoxin.
  • It is major representative of heterocyclic aromatic amines, a group of mutagenic and carcinogenic substances which are formed in meat from the precursors creatine, creatinine, amino acids and sugars during the heating at high temperatures.
  • Blood harmane concentration is elevated in essential tremor, late-life neurological disease.

Application

  • Harmane was used in trace level determination of harmane by planar chromatography coupled with (tandem) mass spectrometry.
  • It was used to study interactions of norharman and harman with DNA.
  • It may be used as matrix for analysis of cyclodextrins and for sulfated oligosaccharides in combination with DHB as co-matrix.

Packaging

1 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

I1 imidazoline binding site agonist.

Preparation Note

Harmane dissolves in methanol at a concentration of 50mg/ml to form a clear, colourless to yellow solution.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Ingrid Bacher et al.
Archives of general psychiatry, 68(8), 817-826 (2011-08-04)
Greater prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) binding is associated with depressed mood. Substances in cigarette smoke, such as harman, inhibit MAO-A, and cigarette withdrawal is associated with depressed mood. Dysphoria during cigarette withdrawal predicts relapse....
Mohamed A M El Gendy et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 249(1), 55-64 (2010-08-25)
Harman is a common compound in several foods, plants and beverages. Numerous studies have demonstrated its mutagenic, co-mutagenic and carcinogenic effects; however, the exact mechanism has not been fully identified. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a transcription factor regulating the...
Elan D Louis et al.
Neurotoxicology, 29(2), 294-300 (2008-02-05)
Essential tremor (ET) is a widespread late-life neurological disease. Genetic and environmental factors likely play an etiological role. Harmane (1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole) is a potent tremor-producing neurotoxin. In 2002, we demonstrated elevated blood harmane concentrations in an initial sample of 100 ET...
Marisa Till et al.
Journal of natural products, 72(4), 796-798 (2009-02-18)
A new alkaloid, 5-bromo-8-methoxy-1-methyl-beta-carboline (1), has been isolated from the New Zealand marine bryozoan Pterocella Vesiculosa. Structural elucidation was achieved through NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric analysis, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of 1 was performed. The biological activity...
Bijan Kumar Paul et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 115(34), 10322-10334 (2011-07-28)
The present work describes the interaction of a promising cancer cell photosensitizer, harmane (HM), with a model transport protein, Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA). The studied molecule of interest (HM) belongs to the family of naturally occurring fluorescent drug-binding alkaloids, the...
Articles
Glycosylation is known to have profound influence on various physiochemical, cellular and biological functions of proteins. Alterations in this modification are known to affect the immune system and have been associated with various pathological states such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory diseases.
Read More
Mass Spectrometry of Glycans, method comparison and products
Read More
Protocols
Mass Spectrometry of Glycans
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.