MilliporeSigma
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24245

Sigma-Aldrich

Oil of turpentine

purified

Synonym(s):
Fir oil, Turpentine oil, Oil of turpentine, Pine oil, Turpentine
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.22

vapor density

4.84 (−7 °C, vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

4 mmHg ( −6.7 °C)

form

liquid

optical activity

[α]20/D −40 to +48°

quality

purified

impurities

≤0.0002% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤1.0% non-volatile matter

refractive index

n20/D 1.4670-1.4780

bp

153-175 °C (lit.)

mp

−55 °C (lit.)

density

0.86 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

InChI key

DCXXKSXLKWAZNO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Oil of turpentine is a mixture of volatile terpenic distillates of resin obtained from pines. It is generally composed of α-pinene, β-pinene, limonene and camphene. It possess antimicrobial and larvicidal properties and induces inflammation in high dosage.

Application

Oil of turpentine is primarily used as a solvent for industrial applications, such as thinner for paints and varnishes. Preparation of carbon nano-spheres (CNSs) by decomposition of turpentine oil has been reported.

Other Notes

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Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

96.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

36 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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