Chuan-Hai Li et al.
Environmental science & technology, 53(6), 3287-3295 (2019-02-21)
Hexafluoropropylene oxide trimer acid (HFPO-TA) and hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid (HFPO-DA) have been used as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) alternatives in the fluoropolymer industry for years. Their widespread environmental distribution, high bioaccumulation capability, and human exposure have caused great concern. Nevertheless