Small gap fullerenes

greener alternative
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Quality Level

mol wt

average Mw ~1,000


fullerenes, ≥80%

greener alternative product characteristics

Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.


>400 °C


organic solvents: soluble

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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for energy efficiency. Find details here.
Insoluble small gap fullerenes can be extracted into organic solvents by simple chemical redox process.
Small gap fullerenes are higher order fullerenes with low HOMO − LUMO gaps. These allotropes of carbon are also known as metallofullerenes. They are kinetically unstable and are considered as insoluble small band gap structures. They can be extracted into organic solvents by chemical redox processes.
Small gap fullerenes, also known as giant fullerenes, possess small energy differences between the valence band and the conduction band or between the filled and unfilled energy states of individual fullerene molecules.


Small gap fullerenes can be used as doping agents on polyaniline (PANI) for organic electronics applications.


1 g in glass bottle

Legal Information

Product of TDA Research, Inc. and US Patents 6,517,799 and 6,303,016.


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Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Chemical redox recovery of giant, small-gap and other fullerenes
Raebiger JW, et al.
Carbon, 49(1), 37-46 (2011)
Optical, structural and electrical properties of polyaniline systems doped with C60 and small gap C60 fullerenes
Politakos N, et al.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 142(1), 387-394 (2013)
Chemical redox recovery of giant, small-gap and other fullerenes
Raebiger, J.W.; Alford, J.M.; Bolskar, R.D.; Diener, M.D.
Carbon, 49, 37-46 (2011)
Isolation and properties of small-bandgap fullerenes.
Diener MD and Alford JM
Nature, 393(6686), 668-668 (1998)
Small-bandgap endohedral metallofullerenes in high yield and purity.
Stevenson S, et al.
Nature, 401(6748), 55-55 (1999)
Find various photovoltaic and bioscience-based applications of fullerenes.
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