Lithium titanate

greener alternative

spinel, electrode sheet, aluminum substrate, size 5 in. × 10 in.

LTO, Lithium titanate spinel oxide
Linear Formula:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Pricing and availability is not currently available.



greener alternative product characteristics

Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

extent of labeling

≥80% loading

Nominal Voltage

1.5 V, Li/Li+


5 in. × 10 in.


25-50 μm


150 mAh/g(minimum)
160 mAh/g(nominal at 0.1C)


>1000 °C

Featured Industry

Battery Manufacturing

SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for energy efficiency. Find details here.
Lithium titanate (LTO) is a class of electrode material that can be used in the fabrication of lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries consist of anode, cathode, and electrolyte with a charge-discharge cycle. These materials enable the formation of greener and sustainable batteries for electrical energy storage.


Lithium titanate (LTO) spinel electrode sheet can be used as an anode material, which shows an ion conductivity of 10−3 Scm−1 at room temperature. It can also be used as an alternative to conventional graphite materials. It can further be used in the fabrication of high-performance lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles (EVs).


1 ea in glass bottle

Other Notes

Crystal Structure: Spinel, cubic, Fd-3m

Operating Condiditons:
  • Recommended maximum charge voltage: 3.0 V vs Li/Li+
  • Recommended maximum charge current: 5 C
  • Recommended cut-off voltage for discharge: 1.0 V vs Li/Li+
  • Recommended maximum discharge current: 10 C

Hazard Codes


Risk Statement


Safety Statement



NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Jansen, A. N.; et al.
Journal of Power Sources, 902, 81-82 (1999)
Lithium titanate tailored by cathodically induced graphene for an ultrafast lithium ion battery
Yang Y, et al.
Advances in Functional Materials, 24(27), 4349-4356 (2014)
Wu, H-C.; et al.
Journal of Power Sources, 197, 301-301 (2012)
Electrochemical properties of doped lithium titanate compounds and their performance in lithium rechargeable batteries
Shenouda AY and Murali KR
Journal of Power Sources, 176(1), 332-339 (2008)
Synthesis and characterization of atomic layer deposited titanium nitride thin films on lithium titanate spinel powder as a lithium-ion battery anode
Snyder MQ, et al.
Journal of Power Sources, 165(1), 379-385 (2007)
Professor Qiao’s laboratory lays out recent advances in conversion type lithium metal fluoride batteries. This review explores key concepts in developing electrochemically stable microstructures for wide Li-ion insertion channels.
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Discover more about advancements being made to improve energy density of lithium ion battery materials.
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Li-ion batteries are currently the focus of numerous research efforts with applications designed to reduce carbon-based emissions and improve energy storage capabilities.
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Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have been widely adopted as the most promising portable energy source in electronic devices because of their high working voltage, high energy density, and good cyclic performance.
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